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2024年6月四级英语考试真题(第一套)

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  【英语在线学习】说客英语带来了2024年6月四级英语考试真题(第一套),各位准备参加英语四级考试的同学可以作为参考:

2024年6月四级英语考试真题(第一套)

  四级作文

  问题:假设你的大学正在就大学图书馆是否应该向公众开放征求学生的意见

  范文参考:In the modern era,there is aheated debate regarding whether theuniversity's library should be open to the public.Some believe thatit will do us more good than harm,while others argue that it wilpose a threat to the order and operation of the university.In myview,the university authorities shouldbe cautious about offeringthe outsiders an access to such an important venue,

  Above all,the library,serving as a critical academic facility as well asan indispensable researchsite for both students and teachers,issupposed to keep those limited valuable resourcesto its authorizedusers.If the university choosesto open the library to the public,it ishighly possible that a mass of people will rush into this place,leavingmany college students and teachersunable to complete their aca-demic work.Furthermore,when too many citizens crowd into thelibrary,there will be unnecessary talking,laughing,quarreling oreven chasing,incurring disorder of one kind oranother.

  In conclusion,the merits of such a practice outweigh the demerits.Therefore,opening the university's library tothe public must neverbe put on the university's agenda.

  四级翻译

  农历(the lunar calendar)起源于数千年前的中国,根据太阳和月亮的运行规律制定。长期以来农历在农业生产和人们日常生活中发挥着重要作用。古人依据农历记录日期,安排农活,以便最有效地利用自然资源和气候条件,提者农作物的产量和质量。中国的春节、中秋节等传统节日的日期都基于农历。农历是中国传统文化的重要组成部分,当今依然广为使用。

  The lunar calendar,which originated from China thousandsof years ago,was set by themoving law of the sun and themoon.For a long period of time,such a calenda has playeda very important role inagricultural production and people'sdaily life.Ancient Chinese arranged their farm work by thedate of the lunar calendar to make the best use of natural re-sources and climate and improve the quality and yield ofcrops.Traditional Chinese festivals such as the Spring Festi-val and the Mid-autumn Festival are based on the lunar cal-endar.It is a significant part of traditionalChinese culturewhich is still widely used today.

  四级阅读

  选词填空,文章开头A team of researchers led by Priyanka...

  26-35 OBCAD MNIFE

  26.0)ultimate

  27.B)attaining

  30.D)difficultark

  28.C)conclusion

  29.A)approximately

  30.D)difficult

  31.M)significantly

  32.N)source

  33.I)manipulated

  34.F)fixed

  35.E)emerges

  文章标题 How to better work towards long-term goals

  答案速查36-40 ICMFA

  36.Our brains are genetically determined tosatisfyimmediate desires.

  【1】定位:Our brains are hard-wired for instantgratification.

  37.Taken in a practical way,saving for post-workyears is likegiving money away to others.

  【C】定位:Understand inthat way,saving forretirementisthe equivalent of giving money awayto someone elseentirely.

  38.Research found that,as regards achievementof one'sgoals,it is important to focus more onenjoyingthe processthan the long-term benefits.

  【M】定位:These findings suggest that whedit话comes toachieving your goals,enjoving theprocess itself is moreimportant than wanting thelong-term benefits.

  39.Regarding our future selves as still beingourselves willhelp us makě better long-termdecisions.

  【F】定位:If the central problem..,it follows thattrying toidentify more closelywith our future语selves will encourageus to make better long-termdecisions.

  40.Savings rates in America have dropped inrecent decadeseven though people's lifeexpectancy has increased.

  【A】定位:Across the board,people are livinglonger...Andyet,saving rates in the U.S.have gonedown in recent decade,not up.

  文章标题How to better work towards long-term goals

  答案速查41-45 KELBG

  41.Researchers found that enjoyment rather thanimportance enabled peoplé to persist in theirgoals.

  【K】定位:We found that enjoyment predictedpeople’sgoal persistence two months aftersetting the goal far morethan how important theyratedtheir goalto be,Woolley said.

  42.When making decisions,we give priorityto ourcurrentframe of mind without thinking much ofthe consequences.

  【E】定位:…but in daing so,we prioritize ourcurrent moodover the consequences of our火央inaction forthfuture slf.

  43.People ate more of a healthyfood when theyfocused onits good taste instead of its long-termbenefits.

  【L】定位:For example,people ate 50%more of ahealthyfood when directed to focus on the goodtaste rather thanthe long-termhealth benefits.

  44.As was expected,when people thought of theirpresentselves,their brains were observed tobecome more active.

  【B】定位:Unsurprisingly,people’s brains weremost activewhen thinking about their currentselves and...

  45.Researchers found thatparticipants who sawtheimagesof their aged selves would save morefor their later years thanthose who didn't.

  【G】定位:Participants who saw their aged selvessaid theywould save 30%moreof their salary fordretirement than thecontrol group.

  Passage One文章开头 People often wonder why some entrepreneurs..

  答案46-50 BADCB

  46.What does the authorsay we need to do tostrengthen ourwillpower?

  B)Applyit continuously.

  47.How arealmost halfof our daily actionsperformedaccording to the passage?

  A)Out of habit.

  48.What will help peoplestick to doingsomethingconstructive automatically?

  D)Foreseeing the desiredoutcome it will yield.

  49.How does the artof self-control help ussucceed?

  C)Byenabling us to take positive actions.

  50.Why can it be difficult for us to maintain self-control?

  B)We may not get immediate rewardfrom self-control.

  Passage Tow

  文章开头 Today,most scientific research is funded bygovernment

  答案51-55 DBACC

  51.What does the passage mainly discussregarding scientificresearch?

  D)Its funding.

  52.Whatdo we learnfrom the passage aboutresearchers like

  birdwatchers and rock collectors?

  B)They can do research with limited resources.

  53.Whatwould scientific studies look like in aperfect worldaccording to the author?

  A)They would be totally unbiased.

  54.What does the authorsay aboutcompaniesand specialinterest groups?

  C)They provide valuable resources for scientificresearch.

  55.What does the author think of research fundedbyindustry or specialinterest group?

  C)It’s validity should be checked with additional care.

  四级听力

  NEWS 1

  Six people had to move away from their home toanother place after a fire broke out in a building onMain Street Saturday,officials said.Firefightersresponded to the three story building shortly after 1p.

  m.for a reported structure fire.According to NorwalkDeputy FireChief Adam Markiewicz.

  Markiewicz said crews encountered heavy smokecoming from the second floor when they arrived.Ateam of about 25 firefighters then spent about 25minutes extinguishing the flames.Officials describedthe structure as a mixed use building that featurescommercial businesses on the first floor andresidential on the second and third floors.

  Town records list four apartments in the building.Dueto smoke and heat damage,the four apartments weredeclared uninhabitable,and the six residents had tomove to another place,officials said.No injuries werereported in connection with the fire.The Norwalk FireMarshal is investigating the cause and origin of thefire.

  Q1:Why did the 6 residents haveto find another placeto stay?

  Q2:What does the news report say the Norwalk FireMarshal is doing?

  NEWS 2

  A new study has cast doubt on historic research,suggesting that the season or month of someone's birth isassociated with an increased risk of certain mental healthconditions.The study looks at symptoms of anxiety anddepression among more than 70,000 older adults inEurope.A number of past studies have found the linkbetween season of birth and mental health diagnoses.

  Researchers have suggested that such links could arisefrom various things.These include nutrient intake,sunexposure,climate,and disease exposure varying across thecourse of the year.However,evidence has been mixed.More recent studies have suggested thatfactors such associal class oreconomicbackground have more to do withthese diagnoses thanmonth of birth.

  Overall,the new study found no significant relationshipbetween participants month of birth and symptoms ofdepression or anxiety.There was some variability in somecountries.In Poland,depressive symptoms fluctuated alittle depending on birth month.In the Czech Republic,thesame was true of anxiety symptoms.But on the whole,there was no systematic pattern.

  Q3:What have a number of past studies found aboutseason of birth?

  Q4:What did the new study find about the relationshipbetween participants'month of birth and symptoms ofdepression?

  NEWS 3

  Genetic researchers in China have made a clone of astar police dog.The clone was born in a laboratory inBeijing in December.Tests show that the clone andher mother are almost identical genetically.Themother dog helped solve multiple murders and manyother crimes.The clone has already performed betterthan traditionally bred dogs on several tests.

  If the clone continues to perform as well as expected,itcould mean a huge reduction in thetraining time forpolice dogs,which usually takes about fiveyears.Theultimate goal of scientists is to produce clones oftalented police dogs that can be trained in monthsinstead of years.However,this goal is not yet possibledue to thecurrent costs ofthe technology.

  This is not the first time a clone has been made of astar police dog.In South Korea,six clones beganworking with the police in 2008.

  Q5:What do the researchers tests show about thecloned dog?

  Q6:What is the scientists purpose in cloning policedogs?

  Q7:Why does the news report say the scientists goal isnot yet possible?

  Conversation 1

  W:Tom,did you see the article online about the new TV seriesbased on the book The Three Body Problem?

  M:A colleague mentioned the book,but I've been so busywritingmythesis that I haven't been able to read for pleasure in months.W:Well,soundslike if you're going to read anything for fun,this isthe book.It's written by a Chinese science fiction writer.I can'tremember his name,but he's written three books in all,and TheThree Body Problem is the first inthe series.I don't wantto say toomuch and spoil it for you,but it's definitely got some amazingtechnological and sociological concepts in it.

  M:It does soundlike itwould suit my taste,but if they are makingaTV series based on it now,I don't know ifI should read the book orwatch the show first.

  W:I think it's better to read the book first.It's rare for the show ormovie to be better than the book.And then,you just end upruining the book for yourself,ifthe show isn'tvery good.

  M:When is the show supposed to start?I'm a bit overwhelmed withthe amount of data I still need to collect to finish my thesis.But Istill need to relax sometimes.

  W:I can't remember exactly.It's pretty soon,and it's going to bequite long.There are 24 episodes.Well,maybe you coulddownload an electronic copyof the book and try to read it beforethe show starts

  M:That's a good idea.And then,maybe we can watch the seriestogether.Thanks forthe tip,Alice.No problem.

  Q8:How did the man getto know aboutthe book The Three BodyProblem?

  Q9:What does the woman say she can't remember about thebook's author?

  Q10:What does the man haveto do tofinish his thesis?

  Q11:What will the man most probably do first aftertheconversation?

  Conversation 2

  W:Hello,good afternoon.I have an inquiry to make.It'sabout thevegetarian food festival you are holding on the 19thof August at the Newcastle City Hall.

  M:Yes,ofcourse.My name's Philip.How can I help you?

  W:It says on your website that you are still looking forvendors,and I grow organic vegetables on my farm,as well asdoing my own home baking.Would I be able to sell both thevegetables and items baked from them at the festival?

  M:That's exactly the type of thing we are looking for.We'regetting close to the deadline,however.Do you prefer to fillout an application on the web,or to print it out and fill it in byhand and then post it back to us?Remember that you willhave to have all your certificates to hand when you are fillingout the forms,as the standards are high and they will becarefully checked before anyone will be able to sell theirproduce at the event.

  W:I should be fine with doing it on your website,and I alreadyhave all my certificates,as we run a small farm shop too.Butcan you give me yourdetails anyway?

  M:Sure.Please address it to the Organic Organization,VendorApplications,112 Queens Road,Newcastle,Northumbria.The postcode is NU 293LJ.Remember that the closing dateis next Tuesday,the 28th of June.

  W:That's absolutely wonderful.Thank you so much for yourhelp.Goodbye.

  Q12:why does the woman call the man?

  Q13:what is the man still lookingfor?

  Q14:what does the man say?They are getting close to.

  Q15:what does the man finallyask the woman to remember?

  Passage 1

  Supporters call it wild camping.Opponents call itillegal camping.What both sides accept is that there has been a boom in the pastfew months,with increasing numbers of visitors pitching theirtents on any bit of land theyfancy in the UK.In part,this reflectsthe factthat official campsites have been wholly or partiallyclosed,or are overflowing,in a summer when fewer people aregoing abroad.

  It is also cheap,at a time when many are worried about whattheeconomic future holds.Butit may alsobe an expression ofadesire forgoingoutdoors.Aresponse to themonths of lockdown.Most of the coverage ofthe boom in wild campinghas beennegative.Camping in public parks has now been banned forAugust and the early part of September because campers dumplitter,human waste,and even their tents on the grassland.

  Similar action has been taken even in Scotland,wherecamping isusually permitted on most of its open land.Clearly,there have tobe rules.It would make sensethatwild campers need to ask forpermission to camp from landowners,especially outside Scotland,wherethe law is far more restrictive.It would be common senseforpeople to use small tentsand leave no trace of their visit.

  They have been attracted by a patch ofland that is close towilderness,and itis their responsibility to keep it that way.

  Q16:Why has wild camping become popular in the UK?

  Q17:Why is campingbanned for partof the summer in publicparks?

  Q18:What does the speaker suggestcampers do?

  Passage 2

  Imagine boating down the Amazon River,minding your ownbusiness,calmly keepingan eye outfor alarmingly large snakes,and a curious pink dolphin appears to swim alongside.While thismay seem like a mythical creature,pink dolphinsdo exist in theAmazon region.The Amazon River Dolphin is a giant among itsspecies.

  It can measure up to2 meters long and weigharound 204kilograms.Size isn't the only thing that setsthe Amazon RiverDolphin apart.Thriving in South American rivers and temporarylakes caused byseasonal flooding,this freshwater dolphin issometimes shockingly pink.Although born gray,males of thespecies are easilyidentified as they enter adulthood bya decisivepinkshade.

  Their unusual coloringis believed to be the result ofscar tissuefromdolphin fights,whetherplay fighting or a seriousbid for amate.The deeper the pink,the more attractivethe males arebelieved to be,and the older the male,the more pink he will have.There's also a theory that this color helps thedolphins more readilyblend in withtheir surroundings.

  During heavy rains,rivers along the Amazon rainforestturn a pinkshade,and with Male dolphins are harderto detect.The Amazonwetland system,fed by the Amazon River,is a crucial place for pinkdolphinsto breed.And,since 2018,has been grantedinternationally protected status.

  Q19:Whatdoes the passage say about pink dolphins?

  Q20:What is the unusual coloring of pink dolphins believed tooriginate in?

  Q21:What has become of the Amazon wetland system since 2018?

  Passage 3

  In a new Merrill Lynch Age Wave survey,a full 70 percent of the earlyadults said they've received financial support from their parents inthe past year,and 58 percent said they couldn't afford their currentlifestyles without it.The most common types of financial supportinclude cell phone plans,food,school costs and car expenses.

  Parental financial support of early adults,said Ken Dichtwald,CEO ofAge Wave,is the new normal.But 64 percent of theyoung adultssurveyed said parents financial support to children aged 25-34 is abad thing,because it makes thosekids dependent.By contrast,only29 percentthought supporting men and women aged 18-24 is bad.

  The remaining 71 percent thought that assistance helps the adultchildren get ahead.Dick Fould believes the young women and mensurveyed we're saying that by 25,young adultsought to be financiallyindependent.In fact,the respondents said financial independencedefines adulthood.Financial independence is something they werestruggling with and challengedby.

  And it scared them a bit,Dichtwald said.One big reason they'restruggling is attributed to college loans,of which the averageamounts to $37,000.Many ofthe parents havetaken on college loansfor the kids too,sometimes at the expense of their own finances.Inthe survey,60 percent of early adults define financial success asbeing debt-free.Whether that's likely,or even possible,anytimesoon,is anyone's guess.

  Q22:What do we learn from a new survey by Merrill Lynch Age Wave?

  Q23:Why did most young adults in the survey sayfinancialsupport tochildren aged 25-34 is a bad thing?

  Q24:What did the respondents in the survey say regarding financialindependence?

  Q25:What is one big reason young adults are struggling?

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