领取体验课 领取体验课

当前位置:首页 > 2022年6月英语四级真题和参考答案

2022年6月英语四级真题和参考答案

浏览量:1068

  说客英语为大家提供了2022年6月英语四级真题及参考答案,正在备考的考生们可以作为参考。

2022年6月英语四级真题和参考答案

  Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:

  Suppose you are writing a proposal to your school library for improving its services. You are to write about its current problems and possible solutions to these problems. You will have

  30 minutes to write the proposal. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  Part II Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  1. A) It studied the effects of exercise on sleep.

  B) Its participants came from various walks of life.

  C) Its findings confirmed those of previous studies.

  D) It ran for as long as some thirty years.

  2. A) Eating more vegetables instead of meats.

  B) Drinking water instead of beverages with added sugar.

  C) Consuming more energy drinks and sports drinks.

  D) Forming the habit of exercising regularly.

  【答案+原文】 D B

  A new study finds that beverages containing added sugar might be harmful. In the study, researchers analyzed information from over eighty thousand women and thirty-seven thousand men. Participants worked in the health profession. 1) They were followed for approximately three decades. They completed surveys about their diet every four years. They also answered questions about sleep and exercise and health every two years. The more beverages containing added sugar that people drink, the greater their risk of death was during the study period. These beverages included soda, energy drinks, and sports drinks. Beverages like pure fruit juice, which are sweet but do not contain added sugar were not part of the study. The findings held even after the researchers considered other factors that could affect people’s health. These factors included lack of exercise and not eating enough vegetables. They also included consuming too much meat. 2) The scientists say that their results support limiting beverages with added sugar. They argue we should replace them with other drinks, with water being the best choice. However, the researchers admit this is simply their recommendation. The study found only an association. It did not prove that drinks with added sugar cause early death.

  Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  1. What do we learn about the new study from the news report?

  2. What is the scientists’ recommendation?

  Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  3. A) He asked them about his lost paintings.

  B) He knew the owner of two missing paintings.

  C) He left his paintings at a highway rest stop.

  D) He found two 17th-century oil paintings.

  4. A) They are imitations.

  B) They are originals.

  C) They were stolen by an Italian boy.

  D) They came from the same artist.

  【答案+原文】 D B

  https://www.nbcnews.com

  German police appealed Friday for information on about the possible owners of two 17th-century oil paintings. 3) Police said a 64-year-old man found the paintings in a garbage pile at a highway rest stop last month. He later handed them in to the Cologne police. 4) An initial assessment by an art expert concluded the two framed paintings were originals, police said. One is a landscape painted by the Italian artist Pietro Belloti, dating to 1665. The other is a painting of a boy by the 17th-century Dutch artist Samuel van Hoogstraten, date unknown. Their combined worth is estimated to be around one million euros. Authorities have not yet confirmed what will happen if the rightful owner is not found. Nevertheless, it is speculated that they could either be handed over to the National Art Museum of Cologne or sold to the public by the local government.

  Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  3. What did German police say about a 64-year-old man?

  4. What is the art expert’s conclusion about the two framed paintings?

  Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  5. A) Look after her grandfather.

  B) Leave the remote cold region.

  C) Save her sick grandmother.

  D) Flee from the threat of bears.

  6. A) She has to face a criminal charge.

  B) She was found lying motionless in the snow.

  C) She searched for her daughter in freezing cold.

  D) She works in childcare services.

  7. A) She was found in a forest after three days.

  B) She lay totally unconscious for three days.

  C) She suffered from the effects of severe cold.

  D) She was finally rescued by her relatives.

  【答案+原文】 C A C

  https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world

  5) A four-year-old girl has walked eight kilometres through a snowy forest to seek help for her sick grandmother, who later died of a heart attack. The young girl braved the threats of bears, wolves and temperatures far below freezing. She made the journey through a remote region in Siberia after waking up to find her grandmother motionless. Named locally as Carla, she lives alone with her elderly grandmother and her blind grandfather. 6) As a result, the girl’s mother is facing a criminal case. She stands accused of leaving a minor in danger in the care of the elderly. She also faces investigation from childcare services, who will also be asking why Carla was left alone with her vulnerable relatives.

  The journey took place in February, when temperatures average -26°C. Russian reports on social media suggest the forest may have been as cold as -34°C. The journey was only recently confirmed by authorities.

  7) But though she was suffering from the effects of extreme cold, the child reportedly suffered no life-threatening effects. Last year, a three-year-old boy survived alone for three days in a remote forest in the same region.

  Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  5. What did the four-year-old girl attempt to do?

  6. What do we learn from the news report about the girl’s mother?

  7. What happened to the little girl according the news report?

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  8. A) She shows a real passion for taking photos.

  B) She has just returned from her hometown.

  C) She comes from the city of Cape Town.

  D) She has a truly amazing appearance.

  9. A) It is as famous as Cape Town.

  B) It has a flat surface at the top.

  C) It is green and free from pollution.

  D) It was named by European settlers.

  10. A) She has British ancestors.

  B) She is of mixed blood.

  C) She grew up in India.

  D) She speaks several languages.

  11. A) It is an extremely violent sport.

  B) It is becoming a national sport.

  C) It is originated in New Zealand.

  D) It is more popular than football.

  【答案+原文】 C B A D

  W: I’ve made a new friend recently. Her name is Susan and she’s from South Africa. M: How did you meet her?

  W: We met over Wechat. She has very cool photos on her social media. The photos of her hometown look amazing.

  M: 8) What’s her hometown called?

  W: It’s called Cape Town. It’s in the southwest of South Africa. She says it’s very green and windy.

  The city was built by European settlers and there’s a big mountain that overlooks the city. 9) The mountain is called Table Mountain because it’s flat at the top.

  M: That sounds interesting. What are the people there like?

  W: Well, Susan says South Africa is very mixed. There are black people and white people and Indian people. 10) Susan is white. She says her ancestors were from Britain. Many languages are spoken in South Africa, but she only speaks English.

  M: Didn’t South Africa host the Football World Cup a few years ago? They must play football a lot then, right?

  W: 11) I think they play football but it’s not as popular as rugby.

  M: Rugby? What’s rugby?

  W: Rugby is a sport with two teams and the players carry the ball in their arms and throw it at each other. The ball is not round and the players push each other. I don’t really understand the rules. I think it’s very complicated.

  M: That sounds like a very strange sport indeed. Is it only South Africa that plays it?

  W: No. It’s also popular in Britain and in other former British colonies like Australia and New Zealand.

  Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  8. What does the woman say about her new friend Susan?

  9. What does the woman say about Table Mountain?

  10. Why do we learn from the conversation about the woman’s friend Susan?

  11. What does the woman say about rugby in South Africa?

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  12. A) Prepare a study guide.

  B) Consult his advisors.

  C) Go over his notes regularly.

  D) Take stress-relief sessions.

  13. A) His worksheets are terribly messy.

  B) He finds the workload too heavy.

  C) His study folder is badly disorganized.

  D) He has difficulty taking notes quickly.

  14. A) A visual learner.

  B) An emotional learner.

  C) An organized learner.

  D) A logical learner.

  15. A) Arrange them using color and pictures.

  B) Restructure them in a logical way.

  C) Commit them to memory after class.

  D) Organize them into a well-connected story.

  【答案+原文】 A C B A

  M: Hi, Jennifer. I am really struggling with this semester’s workload. Do you have any advice?

  W: 12) Have you considered making a study guide? It’s a tool you can make yourself to take the stress out of studying. I’ve been using one since the start of last semester, and it has really helped relieve lot of study pressure.

  M: Sounds like just what I need. 13) My main problem is that my study folder is full of notes and

  worksheets, and is badly disorganized. I don’t know where to start.

  W: OK, well, the main thing is to have everything in the right place. Whatever you’re reviewing, it’s important that it’s arranged for your particular needs of that subject, and in the most user-friendly way you can. What kind of learner are you?

  M: Um. I’m not sure.

  W: Well, visual learners prefer using images, pictures, colors, and maps to organize information. Logical learners have a linear mind and would rather use logic, reasoning and systems. 14) I’m an emotional learner, which means I need to connect to information emotionally to understand it.

  M: Oh, I’m very much dependent on vision as a way of taking in information.

  W: Well, I suggest reorganizing your notes using color-coded sections in your study guides, or using idea mapping to lay out the information and make it more quickly accessible.

  M: 15) So you think I should arrange my notes using color and pictures in places of text?

  W: Yes. You’ll probably start to grasp information a lot quicker that way. As an emotional learner, I organize my notes into a story that I can connect to and recite to myself. M: That’s amazing. I didn’t know there were so many different ways to learn. Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  12. What does the woman advise the man do?

  13. What is the biggest problem the man has with his studies?

  14. What kind of learner does the woman say she is?

  15. What does the woman think the man can do with his notes?

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16. A) It is mainly based on a society’s religion.

  B) It is interpreted differently in different times.

  C) It is a code of conduct based on laws and ethics.

  D) It is a moral principle to guide people’s behavior.

  17. A) It may lead to misunderstanding despite good intentions.

  B) It assumes that human beings are all good-natured.

  C) It may sometimes produce undesirable outcomes.

  D) It fails to consider the complexity of human relationships.

  18. A) The golden rule is often in conflict with certain laws and ethical principles.

  B) The golden rule must sometimes give way to more important principles.

  C) Failure to follow the golden rule may lead to violation of laws and ethics.

  D) Observing the golden rule is the first step to becoming a responsible citizen.

  【答案+原文】 D C B

  https://effectiviology.com/golden-rule/

  16) The golden rule is a moral principle which states that you should treat others the way you

  want to be treated yourself. For example, if you want people to treat you with respect, you should

  treat them with respect. Different people tend to be exposed to different forms of the golden rule based on factors such as the religion in their society. However, all forms of the golden rule revolve around the same concept. Namely, they help you treat others better by using the way you yourself would want to be treated as a guide of how to behave. 17) A notable criticism of the golden rule is that its application can lead to undesirable outcomes when it conflicts with laws and ethical principles. For example, if someone breaks the law, the golden rule would suggest that we should let them go because we would not want to be punished ourselves. However, this issue with the golden rule can be dealt with in a general manner by viewing this principle as one of several principles that we use to guide our behavior as individuals and as a society. Specifically, in the example described above, most individuals and societies choose to place laws and ethical principles above the golden rule. 18) This means that they strive to implement the golden rule whenever possible as long as it doesn’t clash with a more important concept.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16. What do we learn from the passage about the golden rule?

  17. What is a notable criticism of the golden rule?

  18. What does the example of someone breaking the law serve to show?

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19. A) Many of them find it rather difficult to manage.

  B) They have not seen as much diversity as desired.

  C) Many of them have an increasingly diversified staff.

  D) They have not quite grasped the concept of diversity.

  20. A) Initiatives to achieve diversity in large corporations.

  B) Advantages and disadvantages of a diversified team.

  C) People’s attitudes towards diversity at the workplace.

  D) Innovative ideas and solutions resulting from diversity.

  21. A) People prefer to work with team members similar to themselves.

  B) Employers attach great importance to their corporations’ diversity.

  C) Employers differ from employees in their perspectives on diversity.

  D) Doubts about the practicability of diversity are gradually disappearing.

  【答案+原文】 B C A

  Today many large corporations stress the importance of diversity on their websites. 19) But current statistics show that the typical manager in America still tends to be white and male. Obviously, the desire to bring about diversity has not translated into corporate reality. Why is this? 20) A team of researchers from the University of Basel published their new study about people’s attitudes towards diversity at work. They found that people have a wide range of opinions concerning diversity. On the one hand, many see value in diversity, which can contribute a variety of perspectives, encourage new ideas, and generate innovative solutions. On the other hand, they assume that it might be difficult to work with someone who has completely different views, speaks a different language or has a different style of work. The actual value they attribute to diversity depends on the decision-making perspective. Doubts about the practicability of diversity have a greater weight. 21) If a person is directly affected, in other words, when a person’s own workgroup is involved, they tend to prefer team members who are similar to themselves. But when people make decisions for others, they typically put together a more diverse team. These findings could help organizations become more diverse. Companies need to pay attention to who makes hiring and team decisions. These decisions should not only be made by those directly affected. People who are not directly in volved in the group’s daily work should also take part.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19. What do we learn from the current statistics about diversity in large corporations?

  20. What is the newly published study focused on?

  21. What do the findings of the new study show?

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22. A) Choosing the best time for signing a business contract.

  B) Changing one’s form of communication from time to time.

  C) Laying equal stress on written and spoken communication.

  D) Using different forms of communication appropriately.

  23. A) They are regarded as seriously binding.

  B) They are seldom honored by business partners.

  C) They are taken as memos of understanding.

  D) They are to be confirmed in written form.

  24. A) It has reached the highest level of evolution.

  B) It places a high value on written contracts.

  C) It regards written contracts as unalterable.

  D) It has seen a decline in verbal agreements.

  25. A) Its details cannot be renegotiated.

  B) It has to be carried out to the letter.

  C) It strengthens business partnerships.

  D) Its terms may not be strictly binding.

  【答案+原文】 D A B D

  https://www.translatemedia.com/translation-blog/different-cultures-value-spoken-written-word/

  Communication can essentially be divided into two categories: the written and the spoken. How the balance is struck between these two forms of communication? The point at which one needs to be exchanged for another really depends on individual cultures. 22) Understanding when it’s appropriate to exchange one form for another can be a major key to success in international business. Many cultures place a much greater value on the spoken word than the American working culture does. 23) In parts of the Middle East, you’ll find spoken word agreements are seen as seriously binding. A person’s word is linked to their honor, so verbal agreements are seen as important, whereas written contracts are taken as memos of understanding. 24) Western working culture tends to place a high value on the written word, and this reaches its highest level of intensity when it comes to contracts. In the U.S., France and Germany, written contracts tend to be seen as something that must be strictly carried out. By contrast, other cultures may not see written contracts as quite so binding. It can prove a challenge to Western businesses if your business partner wants to renegotiate terms that you thought were already agreed on. 25) For example, a Japanese firm may have signed a contract, but they may not feel bound by every detail of it, particularly if circumstances later change. Such differences in value that different working cultures place on the written word tend to cause many problems when it comes to business relationships.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22. What is a major key to success in the international business according to the passage?

  23. What does the passage say about spoken word agreements in some Middle East countries?

  24. What do we learn about the Western working culture?

  25. How does a Japanese firm tend to view a written contract?

  Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  https://www.livescience.com/why-teeth-feel-pain.html

  You might think of your teeth as tools, like built-in knives and forks. But if they are mere tools, why do teeth feel pain and wouldn’t it be better if they could just chew under any conditions? In spite of our dental discomfort, it turns out there’s a good reason our teeth are so sensitive.

  Tooth pain is a defense mechanism that ensures when a tooth is being damaged. We’ll notice and do something about it.

  If you eat something too hot or too cold, or if the tooth is worn down enough where the tissue underneath is exposed, all of those things cause pain, and then the pain causes the person not to use that tooth to try to protect it a little bit more. So it’s really a protective mechanism more than anything else. If teeth didn’t feel pain, we might continue to use them in situations that damage them. And for humans, damaging adult teeth is a problem because, unlike crocodiles, we can’t replace them.

  Teeth have three layers, only one of which — the innermost layer of the tooth hurt, as that layer of the tooth contains both blood vessels and nerves. Pain is the only feeling to which the nerves in that layer respond. Whereas people with tooth sensitivity may complain, for example, of tooth pain triggered by heat or cold, the nerves in the inner layer don’t sense temperature. Rather, they feel pain, which may be associated with, say, drinking something very cold.

  A) adult B) associated C) chew D) contains E) continue F) defense G) dental H) downwardI) emotional J) implies K) mammal L) replace M) swallow N) triggered O) underneath

  【参考答案】 CGFOE ALDNB

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  https://theeverygirl.com/how-to-determine-if-a-company-is-a-good-fit-for-you/

  How to determine if a company is a good fit for you

  A) 39) On paper, the job seemed perfect for me: The position was completely in line with my degree, the duties and responsibilities were compatible with my interests and the office maintained a well-stocked kitchen that would satisfy my every snack desire.

  B) Sounds like my dream job, right? There was only one small problem: I simply didn’t get along with the company culture. They favored a more rigid, closed-door, corporate atmosphere, when I would have preferred something more collaborative and open. They were complete clock watchers, when I would have liked a more flexible schedule. To put it plainly, we just weren’t on the same page.

  C) When it comes to looking for a new job, you already know that a big part of the interview process involves the company evaluating whether or not you’re a good fit for their open role. But, it’s important to keep in mind that the employer isn’t the only one who needs to identify a good match – you should be looking for that same exact thing. 44) Company culture can have a big impact on how you feel about your work, so you want to make sure you sign an offer letter with an organization you’re truly excited about.

  D) 37) However, figuring out what a company is like before you actually work there can be a bit of a challenge. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to determine whether or not a company is a good fit for you – before you ever sign your name on that dotted line.

  E) 42) First of all, know what you want. It’s hard to make any decisions when you don’t really know what you’re looking for. So before you can determine whether you and a specific company would be compatible together, it’s important to have a solid handle on what exactly you want from your employer. Many of us have an easier time identifying the things that we absolutely don’t want. If those are the only things you can think of, don’t worry! That’s still a good place to start.

  F) 40) Start by writing down the things you didn’t like about previous employers, as well as the parts you really valued. There’s no wrong answer here – so from big things to small details, write it all down on your list. This will help you immediately identify what you’re looking for in an organization, as well as the things you’re trying to stay far, far away from.

  G) Do your research. Now comes the part when you put on your detective hat and do a little digging. The Internet will be your best friend when you’re trying to familiarize yourself with a company’s culture before ever walking through their office doors. 36) And where exactly should you look for these culture clues? Start with the most obvious place first: the company’s website. Read through their copy and blog. Do they use formal, direct language? Or is it casual, conversational, and maybe even a little humorous? This can be a big indicator of what sort of atmosphere a workplace is trying to cultivate.

  H) Next, turn your attention toward their social media outlets. Are they sharing photos of their team’s Thursday afternoon chili cook-off or Halloween costume contest on Instagram? Or are their social media accounts strictly reserved for company related announcements and product launches?

  I) A site like Glassdoor is another spot to check in order to find some insider information about what you can expect about a company. 43) However, remember to take the reviews you read with a grain of salt – many of them are written by scorned employees.

  J) Finally, you can never fail with personal connections. 45) Send a quick message to a current or previous company employee on Twitter or LinkedIn and ask if he or she would be willing to have a quick conversation with you about the organization in general. If you get a yes to your request for a chat? You’ll be armed with some pretty powerful and helpful information heading into your interview!

  K) Ask questions. 41) You know that part at the end of a job interview when the hiring manager asks if you have any questions, and you just stare across the table blankly with your mouth hanging open? That’s the perfect opportunity to speak up and get your burning company culture questions answered! So yes, you can definitely ask your interviewer about what it’s like to work for that particular organization. Simple questions like, “What three words would you use to describe the culture here?” or “What’s your favorite part about working for this company?” can reveal a lot about what it’s really like behind closed doors. Still not sure what to ask? Try this article for help.

  L) Prioritize your values. What does my dream company culture look like? Well, I could come and go as I please, as long as I was getting the work done. My boss would genuinely listen to and value all of my ideas and suggestions. My co-workers would all be friendly with one another, without ever falling into the office gossip trap. The kitchen would have endless options of pizza and cookies. Oh, and they’d give me two months of paid vacation with an very generous salary.

  M) What are my chances of finding all of those things with one employer? Slim to none – believe me, I’ve looked. This is why it’s so important to know which aspects of a company’s culture you value most. Is it an open communication style or a flexible schedule? Focus on the top spots on your priority list, and ensure a potential employer at least checks those boxes. 38) Unfortunately, this is reality, you can’t have everything you want but a few are certainly achievable.

  N) When you’re hunting for a new job, you already know that the employer is trying to decide whether or not you’re a good fit for the position. But you should also look at the process through a similar lens. You may not be the one conducting the actual interview, but you’re still trying to determine whether or not company is a good fit for you.

  O) Keep these tips in mind to figure out whether you and a potential employer are a perfect match or just a recipe (方案) for disaster. After all, it’s a good thing to know before actually accepting an offer.

  36. Clues about the culture of a company can be found on its website.

  37. It can be difficult to know the real situation in a company until you become part of it.

  38. It is impossible for a job applicant to have every expectation met.

  39. Simply by reading its description, the author found the job offered ideal.

  40. Job applicants are advised to make a written list of their likes and dislikes in their previous employment.

  41. At the end of an interview, a job applicant should seize the opportunity to get answers to their urgent questions.

  42. To begin with, job applicants should be clear what they expect from their future employer.

  43. Job applicants should read with a critical eye what is written about a company on the website.

  44. Job satisfaction has a lot to do with company culture.

  45. A chat with an insider of a company can give job applicants very useful information when they prepare for an interview.

  【参考答案】 GDMAF KEICJ

  Section C

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage. https://thedailyaztec.com

  Online classes began to be popularized just a few decades ago. They are advertised as a way for adults to finish their education and students to learn the material at their own pace – it is far more compatible for people with busy schedules.

  But after being enrolled in an online course last fall semester, I came to realize online classes were merely a means to fulfill course requirements.

  46) First of all, students lack the desire to learn and they simply complete their assignments to receive credit for a passing grade rather than genuinely engage with the course material.

  As online courses tend to have more than 100 students, most of the assignments are short and simple. 47) They are not designed for students to interact with the material in depth but designed to be graded easily to accommodate such a large number of students.

  48) Perhaps the biggest disadvantage of taking an online class is the absence of face-to-face interaction between the teacher and their students. Live sessions are infrequent and are often scheduled during the middle of the day when students have to attend other classes or work. The office hours of the professor may also be during inconvenient times for many students as well. Most interaction with the professor has to be through email which is often impersonal. It is nearly impossible for students to build a relationship with their professor.

  There is also little interaction amongst students. It can be harder for students to create study groups and form relationships with their peers.

  49) Online classes also require either a computer or laptop and a reliable internet connection. Not all students have access to these types of resources, whether it is for financial or other reasons, and some students can be put at a disadvantage.

  Offering online classes certainly helps students who would otherwise not be able to attend classroom sessions. 50) However, they fail to provide a genuine education with an emphasis on

  convenience rather than critical thinking. We