领取体验课 领取体验课

当前位置:首页 > 2023年6月英语六级真题和参考答案

2023年6月英语六级真题和参考答案

浏览量:1003

  说客英语为广大考生带来了2023年6月的英语六级真题及参考答案,通过这份真题及参考答案,同学们可以更加深入地了解考试题型,从而更有针对性地制定复习计划,现在和说客英语一起了解一下吧。

说客英语

2023年6月的英语六级真题及参考答案

  PartI( 30 minutesDirections: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay that begins with the sentence "It iswidely accepted that an important goal of education is to help students learm how to learn." You can makecomments, cite examples or use your personal experiences to develop your essay, You should write at least150 words but no more than 200 words.

  Part ll

  Listening Comprehension

  ( 30 minutes

  Section 4

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations At the end of each conversation, you willhear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. Afer you hear aquestion, vou must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D) Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.Ouestions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  1.A. It was spacious and tranquil.

  B. It was warmn and comfortable

  C.It was shabby and solitaryD. It was tiny and noisy.

  2.A. She no longer hates people talking loudly in the dorm

  B.She misses her roommates she used to complain about

  C.She begins to enjoy the movies she once found irritating

  D She finds the crowded dorm as cozy as her new apartinent.

  3.A He found the apartment perfectly furnished

  B. He had a feeling of despair and frustration.

  4.. Go to see the womnans apartmment.

  B. ake a phone call to his parents

  C He had a similar feeling to the womnan'sD. He felt the new place was like paradiseC Buv some furniture for the womanD.Decorate the woman's apartmnent.

  Ouestions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  5.A Hle works as a literary critic.

  BHe hosts an educational programn

  C.He has initiated a university reformD. He has published a book recently

  6.A. It fails to keep up with the radical changes of society

  B It fails to ensure universities get sufficient resources

  C. It has not prepared young people for the job market

  D. It has not fostered the growth of the arts disciplines

  A More ofthe budget should go to science and technology

  B. The underfunded usic discipline should be prioritized

  C. Subdisciplines like sculpture should get more funding

  D.Literature should get as much funding as engineering.

  8.A Build a prosperous nation

  B.Make skilled professionals.

  C. Create ingenious artists

  D. Cultivate better citizens

  Section BDirections: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three orfour questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, youmust choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C' and D). Then mark the correspondingletter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Ouestions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard

  9.A It is quite common

  B It is rarely noticed

  C.It seldom annoys peopleD It occurs when one is alone.

  10.A. Seeing things in black and white

  B. Engaging in regular contemplation

  C.Having a special understanding of creatiwity

  D.Knowing how to make their mental batteries work

  11.A. Engaging in intense activity

  BFantasizing in one's down time

  C.Working on a particular project

  D. Reflecting during one's relaxation.

  Ouestions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  12.A Farmers helped Native Americans grow crops

  B.There were expansve university catmpuses.

  C There existed post offices

  D.igrants found gold there

  13.A. It helped to boost the economy in the American West

  B. It provided job opportunities for many gold seekers.

  C. It extended the influence of the federal government

  D. It kept people in the deserts and plains connected.

  14.A. It emploved Native Americans to work as postmer

  B. It commissioned private wagons to carry the mnail

  C.It subsidized the locals who acted as postmasters

  D It centralized postal services in its rernote areas

  15.A. He analyzed interactive maps of mail routes.

  B.He read a large collection of books on the topic.

  C He examnined its historical trends with data science

  D. He collected data about its impact on local business

  Section CDirections: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or fourquestions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the bestanswer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet1 with a single line through the centre.

  Duestions 16 to 18on the recording you have just heardare based

  16.A. Higher levels of anxiety may improve people's memory

  B. Some expemiences are easier to remember than others

  C. Most people tend to remember things selectively

  D.Simple thing may leave a deep impression on one's memory

  17.4. Thew classified the participants’ mmindset

  B.Thew showed some photos to the participants.

  C.They measured the participants’ anxiety levels

  DThew tested the size of the participants? wocabulary

  18.A. Anxiety has become a serious problem for an increasing number of people

  B. Extreme levels of anxiety can adversely affect cognitive performance

  C.People diagnosed with anxiety disorder may forget things selectively

  DThere is no direct correlation between memory and levels of anxiety

  have just heardOuestions 19 to 21 are based on therecording Wou

  19.A. They compare products from different companies before making a choice

  B. They get information from other consumers’ postings and comments

  C.They lose patience when their phone call is not promptly answered.

  D They expect to get instantaneous responses to their inquiry

  20.4Giving them rewards on the spot

  B. Broadening their scope of interest

  C.Speaking directly to their emotions

  D. Focusing on the details of the product

  21.A. Change the rules of the game in the market every year

  B. Keep up with the latest technological developmnents

  C Learn fromn technological innovators to do business

  D.ake greater efforts to build up consumers’ confidence

  Ouestions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard

  22.A. People have only one social engagement per week

  B. Working together enhances friendship

  C.Few people have devoted friends.

  D.Friendships benefit work

  23.A. The impact of fends on people's self-esteem

  B.How supportive friends can be in the workplace

  CHow to boost one's sense of value and worthiness

  D. The role of family ties in people's mental well-being

  24.A. They show little interest in their friends’ work

  B. They tend to be much more difficult to make.

  C. They are more trustworthy and reliable

  D.They increase people's job satisfaction.

  254. 41low emplovees to have a flexible work schedule

  B.Encourage employees to be friends with colleagues

  C.Help emplovees balance work and family responsibilities

  D.Organize activities to nourish friendships outside of work

  Part Inl

  Reading Comprehension

  ( 40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks You are required to select one word for eachblank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefullybefore making your choices Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter: Please mark the correspondingletter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the wordsin the bank more than once.

  Scientists recently examined studies on dog intelligence and compared them with research into theminds of other intelligent animals. The researchers found that dogs are among the more intelligentcarnivores (食肉动物), social hunters and domestic animals, but that their intelligence does not 26other intelligent animals in any of those categories. Though a significant body of research has examineddog cognition 27, the authors of this new study found little to warrant the  28f work that hasbeen devoted to the topic.

  Stephen Lea, lead author of the new study, argues that many researchers seem to have designed thertstudies to  29 how clever dogs are, rather than simply to study dogs’ brains. Lea and a colleagueexamined more than 300 studies of dog cognition, comparing the studies’ results with those fromresearch into other animals. The researchers made specific comparisons between the different species inthat dogs are intelligent, but theirdifferent categories of intelligence. These comparisons30intelligence is not as 31as some researchers might have believed

  In many areas, though, comparisons were not possible. For example, the researchers noted that bothdogs and cats are known to be able to recognize and 32 human voices. But the investigators couldnot find any data to indicate which species can remember a greater number of 33 human voices, so itwas impossible to compare the two on that front. However, not all researchers agree  34 with thefindings of this study. Zachary Silver, an American researcher, believes the authors of the new study3the idea that an excessive amount of research has been devoted to dogs, as the field of dog cognition isyoung, and there is much to be learned about how dogs think

  A. affirmed

  B. approximately

  C. completely

  D. differentiate

  E. distinct

  F. domain

  G. formidable

  H. outperformed

  I. overstated

  J. pledge

  K. previously

  L. prospectiveMprove

  N.surpass

  O. volume

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statemenicontains information given in one of the paragraphs, Identify the paragraph from which the information isderived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter: Answer thequestions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2

  The Lifesaving Power of Gratitude

  A. Gratitude may be more beneficial than we commonly suppose. One recent study asked participants t(write a note of thanks to someone and then estimate how surprised and happy the recipient would fee.-- an impact that they consistently underestimated. Another study assessed the health benefits ofwriting thank-vou notes. The researchers found that writing as few as three weekly thank-vou notesover the course of threeweeks improved life satisfaction, increased happy feelings and reducecsymptomns of depression

  B. While this research into gratitude is relatively new, the principles involved are anything but. Student;of mine in a political philosophy course at Indiana University are reading Daniel Defoe's 300-vear-olRobinson Crusoe, often regarded as the first novel published in English. Left alone on an unknownisland with no apparent prospect of rescue or escape. Crusoe has much to lament (). But insteacof giving in to despair, he makes a list of things for which he is grateful, including the fact that he isthe sole survivor from the shipwreck (》) and has been able to salvage many useful items fromm thewreckage.

  CDefoe's masterpiece. which is often ranked as one of the world's greatest novels. provides a portrait oigratitude in action that is as timely and relevant today as it has ever been. It is also one with whiccontemporary psychology and medicine are just beginning to catch up. Simply put, for most of us, it isfar more helpful to focus on the things in life for which we can express gratitude than those that inclinels towatd tesettettandlatett8t107

  D. When we focus on the things we regret, such as failed relationships, family disputes, and setbacks ircareer and finance. we tend to become more regretful. Conversely. when we focus on the things we aregrateful for, a greater sense of happiness tends to spread through our lives. And while no one wouldargue for cultivating a false sense of blessedness, there is mounting evidence that counting outblessings is one of the best habits we can develop to prommote ental and physical healthE. Gratitude has long enjoved a privileged position in many of the world's cultural traditions. Forexample. some ancient Western philosophers counsel gratitude that is both enduring and completeand some Eastern thinkers portray it as not merely an attitude but a virtue to be put into practiceIndividuals who regularly engage in5Recent scientific studiessupnorancientteachinosgratitude exercises. such as counting their blessings or expressing gratitude to others. exhibit increasecsatisfaction with relationshos and fewer svmotoms of physical illness And the benefits are rot onlpsychological and physical Thev mav also be moralthose who practice gratitude also wiew theiives less materialisticallw and suffer fo less enuw

  G. There are multiole explanations for such benefits of gratefulness. One is the fact that expressinggratitude encourages others to continue being generous. thus promoting a virtuous cycle of goodness

  in relationships. Similarly, grateful people may be more likely to reciprocate (国报) with acts ofkindness of their own. Broadly speaking, a community in which people feel grateful to one another islikely to be a more pleasant place to live than one characterized by mutual suspicion and resentmentThe beneficial effects of gratitude may extend even further. For example, when many people feel goodabout what someone else has done for them, they experience a sense of being lifted up, with tcorresponding enhancement of their regard for humanity. Some are inspired to attempt to becomebetter people themselves. doing more to help bring out the best in others and bringing more goodnesinto the world around thern

  H. Gratitude also tends to strengthen a sense of connection with others. When people want to do goodthings that inspire gratitude, the level of dedication in relationships tends to grow and relationshipsseem to last longer. And when people feel more connected, they are more likely to choose to spendtheir time with one another and demonstrate their feelings of affection in daily acts

  Of course, acts of kindness can also foster discomfort. For example, if people feel they are not worthof kindness or suspect that some ulterior (别有用心的) motive lies behind it, the benefits of gratitudewill not be realized. Likewise, receiving a kidness can give rise to a sense of indebtedness. leavingoeneficiaries feeling that they must now pay back whatever good they have received. Gratitude carflourish only if people are secure enough in themselves and sufficiently trusting to allow it to do soAnother obstacle to gratitude is often called a sense of entitlement. Instead of experiencing abenefaction (1) as a good turn, people sometimes regard it as a mere payment of what they areowed, for which no one deserves any moral credit

  There are a number of practical steps anyone can take to promote a sense of gratitude. One is simplspending time on a regular basis thinking about someone who has made a difference. or perhapwriting a thank-vou note or expressing such gratitude in person. Others are found in ancient religiousdisciplines, such as reflecting on benefactions received from another person or actually praying for thehealth and happiness of a benefactor. In addition to benefactions received, it is also possible to focu:on opportunities to do good oneselfwhether those acted on in the past or hoped for in the futureSome people are most grateful not for what others have done for them but for chances they enjoyed tchelp others. In regularly reflecting on the things in his life he is grateful for, Defoe's Crusoe believe.that he becomes a far better person than he would have been had he remained in the society fronwhich he originally set out on his voyage.

  K. Reflecting on generosity and gratitude, the great basketball coach John Wooden once offered twccounsels to his plavers and students. First, he said, “It is impossible to have a perfect day unless yothave done something for someone who will never be able to repay you. In saying this, Woodersought to promote purely generous acts, as opposed to those performed with an expectation of rewardSecond he said “Give thanks for your blessings every day

  L. Some faith traditions incorporate such practices into the rhythm of daily life. For example, adherentof some religions offer prayers of thanksgiving every morning before rising and every night befortlying down to sleep. Others offer thanks throughout the day, such as before meals. Other less frequenspecial events, such as births, deaths and marriages, may also be heralded by such prayers.

  M. When Defoe depicted Robinson Crusoe making thanksgiving a daily part of his island life, he wasanticipating findings in social science and medicine that would not appear for hundreds of vears. Yethe was also reflecting the wisdom of religious and philosophical traditions that extend back thousandsof vears. Gratitude is one of the healthiest and most nourishing of all states of mind, and those whoadopt it as a habit are enriching not only their own lves but also the lives of those around them

  36. It does us far more good to focus on things we can be grateful for than what makes us sad andresentful.

  37. The beneficial impacts of gratitude can extend from individuals to their community and to the wideisociety.

  38. The participants in a recent study repeatedly underestimated the positive effect on those who receivedthank-wou notes.

  39. Good deeds can sometimes make people feel uncomfortable

  40. People who regularly express gratitude can benefit in moral terms

  41. A basketball coach advocated performing generous acts without expecting anything in return42. More and more evidence shows it makes us mentally and physically healthier to routinely count our

  blessings.

  43. Ofall states of mind, feeling grateful is considered one of the most healthy and beneficial

  44. The principles underlying the research into gratitude are nothing new at all.45.Gratitude is likely to enhance one's sense of being connected with other people

  Section C

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinishedstatements. For each ofthem there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the bestchoice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Ouestions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

  Technology is never a neutral tool for achieving human ends. Technological innovations reshapepeople as they use these innovations to control their environment. Artificial intelligence, for example, is

  altering humnanity.While the term AI conjures up anxieties about killer robots or catastrophic levels of unemploymentthere are other, deeper implications. As Al increasingly shapes the human experience, how does thichange what it means to be human? Central to the problem is a person's capacity to make choicesparticularly judgments that have moral implications.

  Aristotle argued that the capacity for making practical judgments depends on regularly making them on habit and practice. We see the emergence of machines as substitute judges in a variety of everydacontexts as a potential threat to people learning how to effectively exercise judgment themselves

  In the workplace. managers routiely make decisions about who to hire or fre and which loan fcapprove, to name a few. These are areas where algorithmic (集法的的) prescription is replacing humarjudgment, and so people who might have had the chance to develop practical judgment in these areas no longer will

  Recommendation engines, which are increasingly prevalent intermediaries in people's consumptionof culture. may serve to constrain choice and minmize luck. By presenting consumers withalgorthmically selected choices of what to watch, read, stream and visit next, companies are replacinghuman taste with machine taste. In one sense. this is helpful. After all, machunes can survey a wider range

  of choices than any individual is likely to have the time or energy to do on their own.At the same time, though, this selection is optimizing for what people are likely to prefer based onwhat they've preferred in the past. We think there is some risk that people's options will be constrainedby their past in a new and unanticipated way.

  As machine learning algorthms improve and as they train on more extensive data sets, larger parts ofeveryday life are likely to become utterly predictable. The predictions are going to get better and betterand they will ultimately make common experiences more efficient and pleasant.Algorithmns could soon if they don't already have a better idea about which show you'd like towatch next and which job candidate you should hire than you do. One day, humans may even find a wafor machines to make these decisions without some of the biases that humans typically display.

  But to the extent that unpredictability 1s part of how people understand themselves and part of whapeople like about themselves, humanity is in the process of losing something significant As they becomemore and more predictable, the creatures inhabiting the increasingly Al-mediated world will become lessand less like us.

  46.What do we learn about the deeper implications of A1

  A It is causing catastrophic levels of unemployment

  B. It is doing physical harm to humnan operators.

  C It is altering moral judgments

  D. It is reshaping humanity

  47.What is the consequence of algorithmic prescription replacing human judgment?

  A People lose the chance to cultivate the ability to make practical judgments

  B.People are prevented from participating in making major decisions in the workplace.

  C.Managers no longer have the chance to decide which loan to approve.D. Managers do not need to take the trouble to determine who to hire or fire.48.What may result from increasing application of recommendation engines in our consumption of

  culture?

  A. Consumers will have much limited choice

  B. Consumers will actually enjoy better luck

  C. It will be easier to decide on what to enjoy

  DHumans will develop tastes similar to machines

  49. What is likely to happen to larger parts of our daily life as machine learning algorithms improve?

  A. They will turn out to be more pleasant

  B. They will repeat our past experience

  C.They can be completely anticipated

  D. They may become better and better

  50.Why does the author say the creatures living in the more and more Al-mediated world will becomeincreasingly unlike us?

  A. They will have lost the most significant human element of being intelligent

  B. They will no longer possess the human characteristic of being unpredictable

  C. Thev will not be able to understand themselves as we can do today

  D. They will be deprived of what their predecessors were proud of about themselves.

  Passage Two

  Ouestions 51 to 55 are based on the following passagePhonics, which involves sounding out words syllable (音) by syllable, is the best way to teachchildren to read. But in many classrooms, this can be a dirty word. So much so that some teachers havehad to sneak phonics teaching materials into the classroom. Most American children are taught to read ina wav that study after study has found to be wrong.

  The consequences of this are striking. Less than half of all American adults were proficient readersin 2017. American fourth graders rank 15th on the Progress in International Literacy Study, aninternational exam.

  America is stuck in a debate about teaching children to read that has been going on for decadesSome advocate teaching symbol-sound relationships (the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck, or ch), knownas phonics. Others support an immersive approach (using pictures of a cat to learn the word cat), knownas “whole language. Most teachers today, almost three out of four according to a survey by the EdWeekResearch Centre n 2019  use a tnix calledbalancedliteracw1718cotnbbination ot tnethods isineffective.“you cant sprinkle in a little phonicssavs Tenette Smnith executive director of elemnentarveducation and reading at lississippi'sedulcatiot debatttentIt has to be susternatic and explicitlw

  taughtMississippi, often behind in social policy, has set an example here. In a state once notorious for itslow reading scores, the Mississippi state legislature passed new literacy standards in 2013. Since thenMississippi has seen remarkable gains. Its fourth graders have moved from 49th (out of 50 states) to 29thon the National Assessment of Educational Progress, a nationwide exam. In 2019 it was the only state toimprove its scores. For the first time since measurement began, Mississippi's pupils are now averagereaders, a remarkable achievement in such a poor state

  Mississippi's success is attributed to implementing reading methods supported by a body of researchknown as the science of reading. In 1997 Congress requested the National Institute of Child Health andHuman Development and the Department of Education to convene a National Reading Panel to end the'reading wars”and synthesize the evidence. The panel found that phonics. along with explicit instructionin phonemic(音位的) awareness, fluency and comprehension, worked best.

  Yet over two decades on, “balanced literacy” is still being taught in classrooms. But advances instatistics and brain imaging have disproved the whole-language method. To the teacher who is aproficient reader, literacy seems like a natural process that requires educated guessing, rather than thedeliberate process emphasized by phonics. Teachers can imagine that they learned to read through osmosis (潜移默化) when they were children. Without proper training, they bring this to classrooms.

  51. What do we learn about phonics in many American classrooms?

  A . It is ill reputed

  B. It is mostly misapplied

  C.It is arbitrarily excluded

  D. It is misrepresented.

  52.What has America been witnessing for decades?

  A. An obsession with innovating teaching methodologies of reading

  B. An enduring debate over the approach to teaching children to read

  cAn increasing concern with many children's inadequacy in literacy

  D. An ever-forceful advocacy of a combined method for teaching reading

  53. Why does Tenette Smth think a combination of teaching methods 1s ineffective!

  A. Elementary school children will be frustrated when taught with several methods combined

  B. Phonics has to be systematically applied and clearly taught to achieve the desired effect

  C. Sprinkling in a little phonics deters the progress of even adequately motivated children

  D. Balanced literacy fails to sustain children's interest in developing a good reading habit

  54. What does the author say Mississippi's success is attributed to?

  A. Convening a National Reading Panel to synthesize research evidence.

  B. Placing sufficient emphasis upon both fluency and comprehension

  C.Adopting scientifically grounded approaches to teaching reading

  D.Obtaining support from Congress to upgrade teaching methods

  55. What have advances in statistics and brain imaging proved ineffective?

  A.The teaching of symbol-sound relationships

  B.Explicit instruction in phonemic awareness

  C. Efforts to end the reading wars

  D. The immersive approach

  Part IVTranslation( 30 minutesDirections: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You

  should write vour answer on answer Sheet 2随着中国经济的快速发展和人们生活水平的稳步提高,城市居民对环境和生活品质的要求越来越高。中国地方政府更加注重公共设施的建设和改进,以更好地满足人们的需求。通过兴建新的广场、公园和公共绿地或对原有公共场地重新加以规划改造,许多城市为市民提供了更多休闲和社交的场所。如今,政府出资购置的健身器械和铺设的健身步道在不少城市随处可见,既明显改善了市民户外活动的条件,又使城市更加美丽。

  除了2023年6月的英语六级真题及参考答案外,说客英语还可以为考生们提供了专业的英语口语培训课程,帮助同学们提高英语口语水平,更好地应对六级考试中的口语部分。无论是初学者还是有一定基础的同学,都可以通过说客英语的学习资源和服务,提升自己的英语水平,为考试取得好成绩打下坚实基础。

  快来访问说客英语官网,获取更多关于英语六级考试的信息和备考资源吧!祝你考试顺利,取得优异成绩!