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2022年6月英语六级真题和参考答案

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  说客英语为广大考生带来了2022年6月的英语六级真题及参考答案,通过这份真题及参考答案,同学们可以更加深入地了解考试题型,从而更有针对性地制定复习计划,现在和说客英语一起了解一下吧。

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2022年6月的英语六级真题及参考答案

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation amnd the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  1. A) He is a staff writer.

  B) He is an adventurer.

  C) He is an author of fiction.

  D) He is a father of four kids.

  2. A) They are interested in fairy tales.

  B) They are curious and autonomous

  C) They are a headache to their parents.

  D) They are ignorant of politics.

  3. A) He offers them ample editorial guidance.

  B) He recommends model essays to them.

  C) He gives them encouragement.

  D) He teaches them profreading.

  4. A) Her tastes in books changed.

  B) She realized the power of reading.

  C) Her reading opened her eyes to the world.

  D) She began to perceive the world differently.

  Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.,

  5. A) She is a website designer.

  B) She is a university graduate.

  C) She is a main street store owner.

  D) She is a successful entrepreneur.

  6. A) They were repeatedly rejected by shops.

  B) They were popular with her classmates.

  C) They showed her natural talent.

  D) They were mostly failures.

  7. A) She had a strong interest in doing it.

  B) She did not like ready- made clothes.

  C) She could not find clothes of her size.

  D) She found clothes in shops unaffordable.

  8. A) Study fashion design at college.

  B) Improve her marketing strategy.

  C) Add designs for women.

  D) Expand her business.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices markedA), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the  centre.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  9. A) Utilizing artificial intelligence to find a powerful new antibiotic.

  B) Discovering bacteria which are resistant to all known antibiotics.

  C) Identifying bacterial strains that are most harmful to human health.

  D) Removing a deadly strain of bacteria in humans with a new antibiotic.

  10. A) Ever-increasing strains of bacteria.

  B) Bacteria's resistance to antibiotics.

  C) The similarity between known drugs.

  D) The growing threat of bacteria to health.

  11. A) Dispense with experimental testing.

  B) Predict whether compounds are toxic.

  C) Foresee human reaction to antibiotics.

  D) Combat bacteria 's resistance to antibiotics.

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  12. A) By theorization.

  B) By generalization.

  C) By observation.

  D) By conversation.

  13. A) They are easy to detect.

  B) They are well intended.

  C) They are groundless.

  D) They are harmless.

  14. A) Mostly by chance.

  B) Basically objective.

  C) Subject to their mental alertness.

  D) Dependent on their analytical ability.

  15. A) Looking the speaker in the eye.

  B) Listening carefully to the speaker.

  C) Measuring the speaker 's breathing rate.

  D) Focusing on the speaker's facial expressions.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  16. A) They don 't treat patients with due respect.

  B) They witness a lot of doctor-patient conflicts.

  C) They have to deal with social workers' strikes.

  D) They don't care how much patients have to pay.

  17. A) Appear submissive and grateful to doctors and nurses.

  B) Express a strong desire to be consulted or informed.

  C) Refrain from saying anything that sounds negative.

  D) Note down the names of all the doctors and nurses.

  18. A) Cooperative.

  B)Appreciative.

  C) Passive.

  D) Responsive.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  19. A) Its members work together despite risks of failure.

  B) It prioritizes recruiting young energetic members.

  C) Its members stay in touch even after it breaks up.

  D) It grows more and more mature professionally.

  20. A) Their differences are likely to impact productivity.

  B) Their similarity is conducive to future collaboration.

  C) Their connections strengthen with the passage of time.

  D) Their mutual understanding stems from a common goal.

  21. A) It is characterized by diversity.

  B) Its goals are quite inconsistent.

  C) Its members have similar backgrounds.

  D) It is connected by a unique mechanism.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  22. A) Putting aside twenty percent of one's earnings.

  B) Spending in anticipation of becoming wealthy.

  C) Living off a small proportion of one 's income.

  D) Saving as much as one can possibly manage.

  23. A) It empowers them to cope with irrational emotions.

  B) It will guarantee the profits from their investments.

  C) It will turm them into successful financial planners.

  D) It enables them to focus on long-term investments.

  24. A) They count on others to take the responsibility.

  B) They change their investment strategy in time.

  C) They think they themselves are to blame .

  D) They persist rather than get discouraged.

  25. A) They do not resist novel lifestyles.

  B) They do not try to keep up with others.

  C) They do not care what they have acquired.

  D) They do not pressure themselves to get rich.

  Part Ⅲ    Reading Comprehension    (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select oneword for each blank from a list ofchoices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices, Each choice in the bank is identified bya letter: Please mark the corresponding leter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. lou may nol use any of the words in the bank more than once.The city of Bath was founded by the Romans almost two thousand years ago. It hasbeen famous for its26 pleasing architecture and healing thermal springs ever since.There are three hot springs in Bath; one is the King's Spring, upon which the RomanBaths and a temple were27.The other two are the Cross Spring and the HetlingSpring, close to each other in Hot Bath Street. Although Bath is  28 known as aRoman and Georgian city, many people came in the intervening centuries to make use ofthe29waters.

  While the Georgians made taking the waters’or bathing particularly fashionable, it30 generations who paved the way, creating greater interest in Bath and itswassprings. Charles Il , desperate for an heir and unable to produce a31son. came toBath to take the waters in the hope that their magical powers would do something to32the situation. Craving for a male heir, James and Mary both came to Bath and soon afterproduced a son, which bred many conspiracy theories about who was the real father of their33 . Regardless, the 'miracle’ created something of a boom in tourism for Bath andonce Oueen Anne had paid a visit in 1702 sealing it as the place to be the wholenation 34 to the city.

  Afterwards, the spas (矿泉疗养浴场) in Bath continued to go in and out of fashion formore than 150 years until they closed completely. The new Bath Spa, which opened in 200635modern architecture with the ancient spring, now the New Royal Bath.

  A) aesthetically

  B) constructed

  C) designates

  D) extract

  E) flocked

  F) incorporates

  G) legitimate

  H) natural

  I) offspring

  J) previous

  K) principally

  L) remedy

  M) rhetorically

  N) sneaked

  O) versatile

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statemenfs attached to itEach statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraplfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Eachparagraph is marked with a letter: Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 2.

  The Doctor Will Skype You Now

  A) Fazila is a young woman that has been dealing with eczema (温疹), a common skincondition, for the past five years, but never got it treated. The nearest hospital is an houraway, by boat and bus, and her skin condition didn't seem serious enough to make thetrek, so she ignored it-until a new technology brought the doctor to her. Fazila lives onone of the remote river islands in northern Bangladesh. These islands are low-lying.temporary sand islands that are continuously formed and destroyed through sandbuildup and erosion. They are home to over six million people, who face repeateddisplacement from flooding and erosion--which may be getting worse because ofclimate change-and a range of health risks, including poor nutrition, malaria (疟疾) andother water-borne diseases

  B) The most dangerous thing for these remote island dwellers is land erosion. The seconcis lack of access to medical supplies and doctors. There are no doctors within miles, andwhile child mortality and maternal death have gone down in the rest of the country, thisis not the case for the islands. The medical situation is so bad that it really takes awayfrom the quality of their life. Yet for many island inhabitants--some of Bangladesh'spoorest--paying for health care is a costly ordeal. Victims of erosion lose their houses.agricultural land and jobs as farmers, fishermen and day laborers. Though governmenthospitals are free, many people hesitate to go, citing long commutes, endless lines andquestionable diagnoses. For convenience's sake, one-third of rural households visitunqualified village doctors, who rely on unscientific methods of treatment, according toa 2016 study in the peer-reviewed journal lobal Health Action.

  C) On the islands, there's even a colloquial (   头的) expression for the idea of makingmedical care your lowest priority: It's known as “rog pushai rakhain Bengali, whichroughly translates to “stockpiling their diseases”-waiting to seek medical attentionuntil a condition becomes extremely serious. Now, a new yirtual medical service calledTeledaktar (TD) is trying to make health care more easily accessible. Every week, TD'smedical operators travel to the islands by boat, carrying a laptop, a portable printer forprescriptions and tools to run basic medical screenings such as blood pressure, bloodsugar, body temperature and weight. They choose an area of the island with the bestInternet reception and set up a makeshift (临时凑合的) medical center which consistsof plastic stools and small tables borrowed from the locals’ homes, a tent in case of rainand a sheet that is strung up to give the patients privacy during their session

  D) Launched in October 2018. TD has eight centers in towns and villages across ruraBangladesh and on three islands. lt is funded by a nonprofit organization founded bBangladeshi entrepreneurs, finance and technology professionals. Inside the center, theaptop screen lights up to reveal Dr. Tina Mustahid, TD's head physician, /ive-streamec(网络直播) from the capital city of Dhaka for free remote medical consultations.Affectionately called Doctor Apa- “older sisterin Bengali--by her patients. she isone of three volunteer doctors at TD.

  E) “I diagnose them through conversation,”says Dr. Mustahid. “Sometimes it's reallyobvious things that local doctors don't have the patience to talk through with theirpatients. For example, a common complaint mothers come in with is that their childrenrefuse to eat their meals. The mothers are concerned they are dealing with indigestion. but it's because they are feeding the children packaged chips which are cheap andconvenient. I tell them it is ruining their appetite and ask them to cut back on unhealthysnacks.”Dr. Mustahid says building awareness about health and nutrition is importantfor island patients who are cut off from mainland resources.

  F) Even off the islands, Bangladesh faces a critical deficit of health services. The countryhas half the doctors-per-person ratio recommended by the World Health Organization:roughly one doctor per 2,000 people. instead of one doctor per 1.000 people. And otthose physicians, many are concentrated in cities: 70% of the country's population livein rural areas, yet less than 20% of health workers practice there. Over 70% of TD's3000 patients are female, in part because many are not comfortable speaking with localdoctors who tend to be male. The rural women are mostly not literate or confidentenough to travel on their own to the nearest town to visit medical facilities. Many havespent their entire lives rebuilding their homes when the islands flood. Early marriageand young motherhood, which are prevalent in these parts of Bangladesh, alsocontribute to the early onset of health problems

  G) For most TD patients on the islands, Dr. Mustahid is the first big-city doctor thatthey've ever consulted. TD doctors are not meant to treat serious illnesses or conditionsthat require a doctor to be physically present, such as pregnancy. But they can writeprescriptions.diagnose common ailments--including digestive issues, joint pain, skindiseases. fever and the common cold--and refer patients to doctors at local hospitals.The visit is also an opportunity for the patients. especially women to air their concernsabout aging, motherhood and reproductive health according to Dr. Mustahid. Thedoctors also offer health, dietary and lifestyle advice where necessary, including insighion everything from recognizing postnatal (产后的) depression to daily exercise. DrMustahid regularly recommends her patients to take a daily thirty-minute morning walkbefore the sun gets too intense

  H) After a few sessions about general health issues Fazila finally opened up aboutsomething else that was bothering her: her persistent skin condition. It can geexpensive to travel to the doctor, so usually the women living on the islands describetheir illness to their husbands. The husbands then go to the pharmacy, try to describe theissue and return home with some random medicines. Nothing worked for Fazila untishe started seeing Dr. Apa.

  I) Other nonprofits are also starting to provide health services on the islands. A locanon-governmental organization called Friendship operates floating boat hospitals thaprovide health services to islands all over Bangladesh, docking at each for two monthsat a time. Friendship also runs satellite clinics in which one doctor and one clinic aidewho are residents of the community disperse health and hygiene information

  J) TD still has a few major challenges. Many residents complain the medicines they areprescribed are sometimes unaffordable, but the government isnt doing enough for themPatients often ask why the medicine isn't free along with the consultation from thedoctors. The organizations are linked to local pharmacies and offer discounts to thepatients and make sure to prescribe the most cost-effective brands. but still manyresidents cant afford even that.

  K) Nevertheless, TD's remote consultations seem to be popular: Of 3,000 patients. at least 200 have returned for follow-ups, according to TD. The reason, explains one residentmight be the simple gesture of treating the island inhabitants with respect.“Dr. Apa ispatient, he says, “At government hospitals, the doctors treat us very badly, but herethey listen to us, I can repeat myself many times and no one gets annoyed.

  36. Some children on the remote islands won't eat their meals because they are fed cheap junk food.

  37. Unlike other parts of Bangladesh, the number of women who die from giving birtlremains high on the river islands.

  38. One big problem many islanders have is that they can’t afford the prescribed medicineseven with discounts offered.

  39. TD is a virtual medical service financially supported by one of the nation's nonprofitorganizations.

  40. TD doctors are welcome to the islanders because they treat the sick with respect and patience.

  4l. Women islanders tend to have health problems early partly because they get marriedand give birth early.

  42. TD doctors make weekly visits to the remote islands to provide services at a temporary medical center.

  43. TD doctors provide the islanders with online diagnoses and treatments for common diseases.

  44. The residents of the river islands have to keep moving their homes because of floodsand land erosions.

  45. Women islanders usually rely on their husbands to get some medicines for them withoutdiagnoses and prescriptions.

  Section C

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questionsor unfinished statemenls. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D)You should decide on the besi choice and mark the corresponding letler on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Ouestions 46 to 50 are based on the following passageSelective colleges and universities in the U.S. are under fire for being too elite and tooexpensive, and for not training graduates for the world of work. Such charges ignore thefact that these institutions continue to prepare students for success in their work, forthoughtful engagement in civic life. for lifelong learning, and for understanding the worldand those with whom they live. These colleges and universities must be doing something right. Applications are atrecord highs, and their financial aid programs make them more accessible than ever. Thismodel of education has long played a central role in creating opportunity, driving economic growth,and spurring innovation Yet, there is growing skepticism about the value of this model. The recent tax reformbill is a wake-up call that our strongest colleges and universities are under assault by somein government. The initial proposals would have made education unaffordable for many bytaxing tuition waivers for graduate students and ending deductions for student loan interestThankfully, these provisions were ultimately stripped from the bill, but lawmakers let stand a new tax on the investment income of some colleges and uniyersities.While these attacks are motivated by misguided ideas, we need to do a better job ofexplaining why these claims are false and why what we do is valuable. We cannot take forgranted that any of this is obvious. lt is often said that elite colleges and universities do not train students, particularlythose who study the liberal arts, for the workforce. But this can be refuted by scholarlyresearch. The data are clear: a liberal arts education is great career preparation, both forexcellent lifetime earnings and for satisfaction with the work. This education develops theskills of critical thinking, rigorous analysis of data and facts, communication with thewritten and spoken word. understanding of cultural differences and issues. and the ability tokeep learning. In fact, liberal arts graduates do extremely well in every imaginable field.Access to an education at selective colleges and universities is now more availablethan ever to low-and middle-income families. We have built endowments from donationsby alumni(校友) and parents who understand and appreciate our mission to provide accessand opportunity, and a significant portion of the returns from these endowments is used tofund financial aid. Ironically, the new tax on endowments drains financial aid funds from the very schoolsmost able to offer opportunity to those who have earned a spot but cannot otherwise affordthis education. Beyond the virtue of access to those who have earned a place at theseschools, the diversity of economic backgrounds enhances the education and experience ofall of our students

  46. What fact does the author emphasize concerning selective colleges and universities?

  A) They have been ignoring the training of graduates for the world of work

  B) They have been doing well in ensuring their students a successful future

  C) They have been constantly attacked for being too elite and too expensive

  D) They have been actively engaged in civic life beyond the school campus.

  47. What does the author say in arguing for the model of education in the U.S.?

  A) It has contributed substantially to the nation 's overall development.

  B) It has succeeded in maintaining sustainable financial aid programs

  C) It has given priority to innovative programs for graduate studies.

  D) lt has played a central role in attracting international applicants

  48. What do we learn about the initial proposals concerning the recent tax reform bill?

  A) They would have stripped many students of life's chances.

  B) They would have deducted graduate student loan interest.

  C) They would have added to many students’financial burden

  D) They would have increased the number of tuition waivers.

  49. What do the data show about elite colleges and universities?

  A) Their graduates lack the rigor required for doing statistical analysis

  B) Their students prove to be inadequately prepared for their future careers.

  C) Their focus on research is conducive to developing students' critical thinking.

  D) Their liberal arts education enables graduates to excel in whatever field they are in.

  50. What is an advantage of providing financial aid for students?

  A) Every student can choose the institution they wish to attend.

  B) All students can benefit from a diversified student population

  C) All students will be able to earn a place on university campus

  D) Less privileged students will be more competitive at elite schools

  Passage Two

  Ouestions 51 to 55 are based on the following passageWhen a group of Australians was asked why they believed climate change was nothappening, about 36% said it was “common sense, according to a report published lastyear by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. This was themost popular reason for their opinion, with only 11% saying their belief that climate changewas not happening was based on scientific research. But what do we mean by an appeal to common sense? Presumably it's an appeal torationality of some sort that forms the basis of more complex reasoning. The appeal tocommon sense, however, is usually nothing more than an appeal to thinking that just feelsright, but what feels right to one person may not feel right to another. Whether it feels rightis usually a reflection of the world view and ideologies we have internalised, and thatframes how we interact with new ideas. When new ideas are in accord with what wealready believe, they are more readily accepted. When they are not, they, and the argumentsthat lead to them, are more readily rejected. We often mistake this automatic compatibility testing of new ideas with existing belief!as an application of common sense, but, in reality, it is more about judging than thinkingAs Nobelist Daniel Kahneman notes in Thinking, Fasl and S/ow, when we arrive atconclusions in this way, the outcomes also feel true, regardless of whether they are. We are not psychologically well equipped to judge our own thinking.We are also highly susceptible to a range of cognitive biases such as giving preferenceto the first things that come to mind when making decisions or giving weight to evidence.One way we can check our internal biases and inconsistencies is through the socialverification of knowledge, in which we test our ideas in a rigorous and systematic way tosee if they make sense not just to us, but to other people. The outstanding example of thissocially shared cognition is science. That does not mean that individuals are not capable of excellent thinking, nor does itmean no individual is rational. But the extent to which individuals can do this on their ownis a function of how well integrated they are with communities of systematic inquiry in thefirst place. You can't learn to think well by yourself. In matters of science at least, those who value their common sense over methodological.collaborative investigation imagine themselves to be more free in their thinking. unbound by involvement with the group, but in reality they are tightly bound by their capabilities andperspectives. We are smarter together than we are individually, and perhaps that's justcommon sense.

  51. What does the author intend to show by citing the findings from the report publishedlast year?

  A) People seldom appeal to rationality in their thinking

  B) It is often the case that truth lies in the hands of a few

  C) Common sense and science are the two sides of a coin.

  D) Few people know if climate change is really happening

  52.What is the appeal to common sense according to the author?

  A) It is the basis for the internalisation of individuals’ ideologies.

  B) lt is a series of conceptions formulated from complex reasoning

  C) It is collective wisdom that helps people interact with new ideas.

  D) It is something subjective based on what one perceives to be right

  53. What does Daniel Kahneman think is the problem of testing new ideas with existing beliefs?

  A) It may lead to incorrect judgment.

  B) It makes no use of common sense

  C) It fails to correct mistakes through serious reasoning.

  D) It can produce psychologically unacceptable outcomes

  54.What can we do to be less susceptible to cognitive biases?

  A) Give equal weight to evidence of both sides in a conflict

  B) Provide convincing examples in developing an argument

  C) Establish socially shared cognition via scientific methods

  D)Avoid inconsistencies when addressing controversial issues

  55.What message does the author try to convey at the end of the passage?

  A) Multiple perspectives stimulate people's interest in exploring the unknown

  B) Individuals can enhance their overall capabilities by interacting with others

  C) Individuals should think freely to break from the restrictions of common sense.

  D) Collaborative efforts can overcome individuals limitations in scientific inquiry.

  Part IV    Translation    (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes fo translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write vour answer on Answer Sheet 2.

  卢沟桥位于天安门广场西南 15 公里处,横跨永定河,是北京现存最古老的多拱石桥。卢沟桥最初建成于 1192年,1698 年重建,由281 根柱子支撑。每根柱子上都有一头石狮。这些石狮的头、背、腹部或爪子上都藏着更多的狮子。这些石狮生动逼真、千姿百态,是卢沟桥石刻艺术的精品。桥上的石狮不计其数,因而北京地区流传着“卢沟桥上的石狮子-数不清”的说法。卢沟桥不仅以其美学特征闻名于世,还被公认为石桥建筑史上的一座丰碑。

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