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2023年12月英语六级真题

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  说客英语带来了2023年12月英语六级真题,各位考生可以作为参考。

2023年12月英语六级真题

  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Respect others, and you will be respected. " you can cite examples to ilustrate your views. you should write at least 150 words but no more than 200。

  Part II

  Listening comprehension(30miutes)

  Section a

  Directions: in this section, you will hear two long conversations at the end of each comversation you will hear four questions. both the comversation and the questions will be spoken only once. afier you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked a, b) cand d). then mark the corresponding letter on answer Sheet i with a single line through the centre.

  Questions1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  1.a)they reward businesses that eliminate food wast

  b)they prohibit the sale of foods that have gone stale

  c) they facilitate the donation of unsold foods to the needy

  d) they forbid businesses to produce more foods than needed

  2. a)it imposed penalties on businesses that waste food

  b)it passed a law aiming to stop overproduction

  C)it voted gainst food import from outside europe

  d) it prohibited the promotion  of bulk food sales.

  3. a) it has warmed its people against possible food shortage.

  b) it has penalized businesses that keep overproducing foods

  c)it has started a nationwide campaign against food waste.

  d) it has banned supermarkets from dumping edible foods.

  4 .a)the confusion over food expiration labels.

  b)the surplus resulting from overproduction

  c)americans' habit of buying food in bulk

  d)a lack of regulation on food consumption

  Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  5. a) it has started a week-long promotion campaign.

  b)it has just launched its annual anniversary sales

  c) it offers regular weekend sales all the year round

  d)it specializes in the sale of ladies designer dresses

  6. a)price reductions for its frequent customers.

  b)coupons for customers with bulk purchases.

  c)free delivery of purchases for senior customers.

  d) price adjustments within seven days of purchase.

  7. a)mail a gift card to her.

  b) allow her to buy on credi

  c) credit it to her account

  d) give her some coupons.

  8. a) refunding for goods returned

  b) free installing of appliances.

  c)prolonged goods warranty.

  d)complimentary tailoring

  Section b

  Directions: in this section, you will hear two passages. at the end of each passage, you will hear Iree or four questions. both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked a, b, cand d). then mark the corresponding letter on answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard

  9. a)they are thin, tall, and unlike real human beings.

  b)they have more than twenty different hair textures

  c)they have twenty-four different body shapes in total

  d)they represent people from virtually all walks of life.

  10.a)they do not reflect young girls aspirations

  b)they are not sold together with the original

  c) their flat feet do not appeal to adolescents

  d) their body shapes have not changed much

  11. a)in toy stores

  b) in shopping malls.

  c)on the internet

  d)at barbie shops

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  12. a )moveable metal type began to be used in printing

  b) chinese printing technology was first introduce

  c)the earliest known book was published

  d) metal type was imported from korea

  13. a) it had more than a hundred printing presses.

  b)it was the biggest printer in the 16th century.

  c) it helped the german people become literate.

  d) it produced some 20 million volumes in total

  14. a)it pushed handwritten books out of circulation.

  b)it boosted the circulation of popular works.

  c)it made writing a very profitable career.

  d) it provided readers with more choices.

  15. a) it accelerated the extinction of the latin language.

  b) it standardized the publication of grammar books.

  c) turned translation into a welcome profession.

  d) it promoted the growth of national languages

  Section c

  Directions: in this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. the recordings will be played only once. after you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked a, b, c and d)Then mark the corresponding letter on answer sheet 1 with a single line through centre.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  16. a) they get bored after working for a period of time.

  b) they spend an average of one year finding a job.

  c)they become stuck in the same job for decades.

  d) they choose a job without thinking it through.

  17. a)see if there will be chances for promotion.

  b)find out what job choices are available.

  c)watch a film about ways of job hunting.

  d) decide which job is most attractive to you.

  18. a)the qualifications you have.

  b)the pay you are going to get.

  c)the culture of your target company.

  d) the work environment you will be in.

  19. a) it is as important as christmas for african-americans.

  b) it is a cultural festival founded for african-americans.

  c) it is an ancient festival celebrated by african-americans.

  d) it is a religious festival celebrated by african-americans

  20. a)to urge african-americans to do more for society.

  b) to call on african-americans to worship their gods

  c) to help african-americans to realize their goals.

  d) to remind african-americans of their sufferings.

  21. a)faith in self-determination

  b)the first fruits of the harvest

  c) unity and cooperative economics

  d creative work and achievement.

  22. a)they recite a principle

  b)they take a solemn oath

  c)they drink wine from the unity cup

  d) they call out their ancestors' names.

  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard

  23. a) it is one of the world's most healthy diets.

  b) it contains large amounts of dairy products.

  c)it began to impact the world in recent years.

  d) it consists mainly of various kinds of seafood.

  4. a) it involved 13, 000 researchers from asia, europe and america.

  b) it was conducted in seven mid-eastern countries in the 1950s

  c) it is regarded as one of the greatest researches of its kind.

  d)it has drawn the attention of medical doctors the world over.

  25. a) they care much about their health.

  b) they eat foods with little fat.

  c)they use little oil in cooking

  d) they have lower mortality rates

  Part III Reading Comprehension(40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  In the past 12 months,Nigeria has suffered from a shrinking economy, a sliding currency, and a prolonged fuel shortage. Now, Africa’s largest in facing a food crisis as major tomato fields have been destroyed by an insect,leading to a nationwide shortage and escalating prices.

  The insect, Tutaabsoluta, has destroyed 80% of farms in Kaduna, Nigeria's largest tomato producing state, leading the government there to declare a state of

  26   .The insect, also known as the tomato leaf miner, devastates crops by 27   on fruits and digging into and moving through stalks.It   28   incredibly quickly,

  breeding up to 12 generations per year if conditions are favorable. it is believed to have  29  in South America in the early 1900s, and later spread to Europe before crossing over to sub-Saharan Africa.

  In Nigeria, where tomatoes are a staple of local diets,the insect's effects are devastating. Retail prices for a  30   of tomatoes at local markets have risen from $0. 50 to $2.50. Farmers are reporting steep losses and a new $20 million tomato-paste factory has  31   production due to the shortages.

  Given the moth's ability also to attack crops like pepper and potatoes,  Audu Ogbeh, Nigeria's minister of agriculture, has warned that the pest may"create serious problems for food  32  "in the country.Ogbeh says experts are investigating how to control the pest’s damage and prevent its spread, which has gone largely   33  until now.

  Despite being the continent's second-largest producer of tomatoes, Nigeria is 34    on $1 billion worth of tomato-paste imports every year.as around 75% of the local harvest goes to waste thanks to a lack of proper storage facilities. A further 35   in local supplies is yet another unwelcome setback to the industry.

  A) dependent                   I)originated

  B) Embarking                   J) reduction

  C) emergenc                    K) reproduces

  D) feeding                     L)security

  E) grazes                      M)terror

  F) halted                      N) unchecked

  G) handful                     O)unchecked

  H) multitude

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  who's really addicting you to Technology?

  A."Nearly everyone i know is addicted in some measure to the internet, "wrote tony Schwartz in The New York Times. it's a common complaint these days. A steady stream of similar headlines accuse the net and its offspring apps, social media sites and online games of addicting us to distraction

  B. There's little doubt that nearly everyone who comes in contact with the net has difficulty concentration than it takes to post a status update. as one person ironically put it in the comments section of Schwartz's online article, "As I was reading this very excellent article.I stopped at least half a dozen times to cheek my email.

  C.There's something different about this technology: it is both invasive and persuasive. but who's at fault for its overuse? To find solutions, it's important to understand what we’re dealing with.There are four parties conspiring to keep you connected the tech, your boss, your friends and you.

  D.The technologies themselves and their makers, are the easiest suspects to blame for our diminishing attention spans. Nicholas Carr,author of The Shallows: what the internet is doing Our brains, wrote, The net is designed to be an interruption system, a machine geared to dividing attention.

  E.Online services like Facebook, twitter and the like, are called out of manipula-tion--making,products so good that people can't stop using them. after studying these products for several years, I wrote a book about how they do it. I learned it all starts with the business model. since these services rely on advertising revenue, The more frequently you use money they make.It’s no winder these companies employ teams of people focused on engineering their services to be as engaging as possible. these products aren't habit-forming by chance; it's by design. they have an incentive to keep us hooked.

  F.However, as good as these services are, there are simple steps we can take to keep them at bay.For example, we can change how often we receive the distracting notifications that trigger our urge to check.According to adam marchick, ceo of mobile marketing company kahuna, less than 15 percent of smartphone users ever bother to adjust their notification setlings--meaning the remaining 85 percent of us default to the app makers' every preset trigger.Google and Apple have made it far too difficult to adjust these settings so it's up to us to take steps ensure we set these triggers to suit our own needs, not the needs of the app makers.

  G.While companies like Facebook harvest attention to generate revenue from advertisers, other technologies have no such agenda. take email, for example. this system couldn't care less how often you use it. Yet to many, email is the most habit-forming medium of all.We check email at all hours of the day--we're obsessed, but why? Because that's what the boss wants.For almost all white-collar jobs, A slow

  Response to a message could  hurt not only your reputation but also your livelihood.

  H.Your friends are also responsible.Think about this familiar scene.People gathered around a table, enjoying food and each others company. there's laughter and a bit of kidding. Then, during an interval in the conversation, someone takes out their phone to check who knows what.Barely anyone notices and no one says a thing.

  I.Now imagine the same dinner,but instead of checking their phone, the person belches(打嗝)-loudly.Everyone notices. unless the meal takes place in a beer house, this is considered bad manners. The impolite act violates the basic rules of etiquette. one has to wonder why don’t we apply the same social norms to checking phones during meals, meetings and conversations as we do to other antisocial behaviors somehow, we accept it and say nothing when someone offends.

  J.The reality is taking one's phone out at the wrong time is worse than belching because, unlike other minor offense, checking tech is contagious. once one person looks at their phone,other people feel compelled to do the same, starting a chain reaction. the more people are on their phones, the fewer people are talking until finally you are the only one left not reading email or checking twitter. from a societal perspective, phone checking is less like belching in public and more like another bad habit. our phones are like cigarettes-something to do when were bored or when our fingers need something to toy with seeing others enjoy a smoke,or sneak a quick glance, is too tempting to resist and soon everyone is doing it.

  K.The technology, your boss, and your friends, all influence how often you find yourself using (or overusing )these gadgets. but there's still someone who deserves scrutiny--the person holding the phone.

  L. I have a confession. even though i study habit-forming technology for a living, disconnecting is not easy for me.I'm online far more than I'd like like Schwartz and so many others, I often find myself distracted and off tack.I wanted to know why so i began self-monitoring to  try to understand my behavior. that's when i discovered an uncomfortable truth. i use technology as an escape. when I'm doing something I'd rather not do, or when I'm someplace I'd rather not attention was often a good thing, like when passing time on public transportation, but frequently my tech use was not so benign. when i faced difficult work, like thinking through an article idea or editing the same draft for the hundredth time, for example, a more sinister screen would draw me in. i could easily escape discomfort.temporarlly.by answering email or browsing ing the web under the pretense of so-called"research. "though I desperately wanted to lay blame elsewhere, i finally had to admit that my bad habits had less to do with new-age.technology and more to do with old-fashioned procrastination(迟延)

  M.it's easy to blame technology for being so distracting, but distraction is nothing new. Aristotle and Socrates dehated nature of “akrasia”--our tendency to do things agninst our interests. If we're honest with ourselves, tech is just another way to occupy our time and minds,if we weren’t on our devices. We’d likely do similarly unproductive.

  N.personal technology is indeed more engaging than ever, and there's no doubt companies are engineering their products and services to be more compelling and attractive but would want it any other way the intended result of making something better is that people use it more. that's not necessarily a problem, that's progress.

  O.These improvements don't mean we shouldn't attempt to control our use of technology. In order to make sure it doesn't control us, we should come to terms with the fact that it's more than the technology itself that’s responsible for our habits. our workplace culture, social norns and individual behaviors all play a part to put technology in its place, we must be conscious not only of how technology is changing, but also of how it is changing us.

  36.Online services are so designed that the more they are used, the more profit they generate.

  37. The author admits using technology as an escape from the task at hand.

  38. Checking phones at dinners is now accepted as normal but not belching

  39. To make proper use of technology, we should not only increase our awareness of how it is changing but also how it is impacting us.

  40. Most of us find it hard to focus on our immediate tasks because of internet distractions

  41. when one person starts checking their phone, the others will follow suit.

  42.The great majority of smartphone users don' t take the trouble to adjust their settings to suit their own purposes.

  43.The internet is regarded by some as designed to distract our attention.

  44. The author attributes his tech addiction chiefly to his habit of putting off doing what he should

  45.White-collar workers check email round the clock because it is required by their employers

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  who's really addicting you to Technology?

  A."Nearly everyone i know is addicted in some measure to the internet, "wrote tony Schwartz in The New York Times. it's a common complaint these days. A steady stream of similar headlines accuse the net and its offspring apps, social media sites and online games of addicting us to distraction

  B. There's little doubt that nearly everyone who comes in contact with the net has difficulty concentration than it takes to post a status update. as one person ironically put it in the comments section of Schwartz's online article, "As I was reading this very excellent article.I stopped at least half a dozen times to cheek my email.

  C.There's something different about this technology: it is both invasive and persuasive. but who's at fault for its overuse? To find solutions, it's important to understand what we’re dealing with.There are four parties conspiring to keep you connected the tech, your boss, your friends and you.

  D.The technologies themselves and their makers, are the easiest suspects to blame for our diminishing attention spans. Nicholas Carr,author of The Shallows: what the internet is doing Our brains, wrote, The net is designed to be an interruption system, a machine geared to dividing attention.

  E.Online services like Facebook, twitter and the like, are called out of manipula-tion--making,products so good that people can't stop using them. after studying these products for several years, I wrote a book about how they do it. I learned it all starts with the business model. since these services rely on advertising revenue, The more frequently you use money they make.It’s no winder these companies employ teams of people focused on engineering their services to be as engaging as possible. these products aren't habit-forming by chance; it's by design. they have an incentive to keep us hooked.

  F.However, as good as these services are, there are simple steps we can take to keep them at bay.For example, we can change how often we receive the distracting notifications that trigger our urge to check.According to adam marchick, ceo of mobile marketing company kahuna, less than 15 percent of smartphone users ever bother to adjust their notification setlings--meaning the remaining 85 percent of us default to the app makers' every preset trigger.Google and Apple have made it far too difficult to adjust these settings so it's up to us to take steps ensure we set these triggers to suit our own needs, not the needs of the app makers.

  G.While companies like Facebook harvest attention to generate revenue from advertisers, other technologies have no such agenda. take email, for example. this system couldn't care less how often you use it. Yet to many, email is the most habit-forming medium of all.We check email at all hours of the day--we're obsessed, but why? Because that's what the boss wants.For almost all white-collar jobs, A slow

  Response to a message could  hurt not only your reputation but also your livelihood.

  H.Your friends are also responsible.Think about this familiar scene.People gathered around a table, enjoying food and each others company. there's laughter and a bit of kidding. Then, during an interval in the conversation, someone takes out their phone to check who knows what.Barely anyone notices and no one says a thing.

  I.Now imagine the same dinner,but instead of checking their phone, the person belches(打嗝)-loudly.Everyone notices. unless the meal takes place in a beer house, this is considered bad manners. The impolite act violates the basic rules of etiquette. one has to wonder why don’t we apply the same social norms to checking phones during meals, meetings and conversations as we do to other antisocial behaviors somehow, we accept it and say nothing when someone offends.

  J.The reality is taking one's phone out at the wrong time is worse than belching because, unlike other minor offense, checking tech is contagious. once one person looks at their phone,other people feel compelled to do the same, starting a chain reaction. the more people are on their phones, the fewer people are talking until finally you are the only one left not reading email or checking twitter. from a societal perspective, phone checking is less like belching in public and more like another bad habit. our phones are like cigarettes-something to do when were bored or when our fingers need something to toy with seeing others enjoy a smoke,or sneak a quick glance, is too tempting to resist and soon everyone is doing it.

  K.The technology, your boss, and your friends, all influence how often you find yourself using (or overusing )these gadgets. but there's still someone who deserves scrutiny--the person holding the phone.

  L. I have a confession. even though i study habit-forming technology for a living, disconnecting is not easy for me.I'm online far more than I'd like like Schwartz and so many others, I often find myself distracted and off tack.I wanted to know why so i began self-monitoring to  try to understand my behavior. that's when i discovered an uncomfortable truth. i use technology as an escape. when I'm doing something I'd rather not do, or when I'm someplace I'd rather not attention was often a good thing, like when passing time on public transportation, but frequently my tech use was not so benign. when i faced difficult work, like thinking through an article idea or editing the same draft for the hundredth time, for example, a more sinister screen would draw me in. i could easily escape discomfort.temporarlly.by answering email or browsing ing the web under the pretense of so-called"research. "though I desperately wanted to lay blame elsewhere, i finally had to admit that my bad habits had less to do with new-age.technology and more to do with old-fashioned procrastination(迟延)

  M.it's easy to blame technology for being so distracting, but distraction is nothing new. Aristotle and Socrates dehated nature of “akrasia”--our tendency to do things agninst our interests. If we're honest with ourselves, tech is just another way to occupy our time and minds,if we weren’t on our devices. We’d likely do similarly unproductive.

  N.personal technology is indeed more engaging than ever, and there's no doubt companies are engineering their products and services to be more compelling and attractive but would want it any other way the intended result of making something better is that people use it more. that's not necessarily a problem, that's progress.

  O.These improvements don't mean we shouldn't attempt to control our use of technology. In order to make sure it doesn't control us, we should come to terms with the fact that it's more than the technology itself that’s responsible for our habits. our workplace culture, social norns and individual behaviors all play a part to put technology in its place, we must be conscious not only of how technology is changing, but also of how it is changing us.

  36.Online services are so designed that the more they are used, the more profit they generate.

  37. The author admits using technology as an escape from the task at hand.

  38. Checking phones at dinners is now accepted as normal but not belching

  39. To make proper use of technology, we should not only increase our awareness of how it is changing but also how it is impacting us.

  40. Most of us find it hard to focus on our immediate tasks because of internet distractions

  41. when one person starts checking their phone, the others will follow suit.

  42.The great majority of smartphone users don' t take the trouble to adjust their settings to suit their own purposes.

  43.The internet is regarded by some as designed to distract our attention.

  44. The author attributes his tech addiction chiefly to his habit of putting off doing what he should

  45.White-collar workers check email round the clock because it is required by their employers

  Part IV

  Translation (30 minutes)

  Directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from chinese into English. you should write your answer on answer sheet 2.

  太湖是中国东部旳一种淡水湖,占地面积2250平方公里,是中国第三大淡水湖,仅次于鄱阳和洞庭。太湖约有90个岛屿,大小从几平方米到几平方公里不等。太湖以其独特旳“太湖石”而闻名,太湖石常用于装饰中国老式园林。太湖也以高产旳打鱼业闻名。自上世纪70年代后期以来,捕捞鱼蟹对沿湖旳居民来说极为重要,并对周围地区旳经济作出了重大奉献。太湖地区是中国陶瓷( ceramics)业基地之一,其中宜兴旳陶瓷厂家生产举世闻名旳宜兴紫砂壶( clay teapot,)

  以上就是2023年12月英语六级真题,各位考生可以进入说客英语官网,了解更多有关大学英语四级的信息,如果您先进一步提升英语,也可以直接登录说客英语官网和英语外教进行学习。