领取体验课 领取体验课

当前位置:首页 > 2023年6月英语四级真题和参考答案





  WritingPart I

  (30 minutes)

  Directions: Suppose your university is conducting a survey to collect students' opinions of online classesYou are to write a response to the survey about their advantages and disadvantages, and what improvementscan be made. You will have 30 minutes for the task. You should write at least 120 words but no more than180 words.

  Part IListening Comprehension

  (25 minutes)

  Section ADirections: In this section, you will hear three news reports At the end of each news report, you will heartwo or three cuestions Both the news report and the cuestions will be spoken onlv once. After vou hear acquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C) and D). Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

  Ouestions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  1.A) She was involved in a conflict with bird lovers.

  B)She was charged with mistreating animals

  C) She was on bad terms with her neighbors

  D) She was accused of violating a city law.

  2.A)It will take time to solve the rat problem

  B) A11 wild animals should be well protected

  C) The woman was not to blame for the situation

  D)No one should go unpunished for violating law.

  uestions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  3.A)Communicate with astronauts in Mars Dune Alpha.

  B)Work in an environment resembling Mars.

  C)Build a Martian habitat in Houston.

  D) Send in applications before Friday

  4.A)Ready-made food.

  B)Food that is organic

  C)Food they grow

  D)Potatoes mostly

  Ouestions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard

  5.A)He apologized for scratching an athlete's gold medal.

  B)He was asked to present a gold medal to Miu Goto.

  C)He bit a softball player's Olympic gold medal

  D)He attracted public attention at a media event.

  6.A) Have another picture taken with the Olympic medalist

  B)Apologize to the International Olympic Committee.

  C)Get the damaged medal repaired.

  D)Pay for the cost of a new medal.

  7.A) Allow no one to touch them.

  B) See them as symbols ofhonor

  C) Treat them as treasures

  D) Keep them in a safe place.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you willhear four questions. Both the conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.Ouestions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  8.A)She covered its screen with a plastic sheet.

  B) She connected it with her smartphone.

  C) She decorated it with colorful stickers

  D) She bought some new software for it.

  9.A)It may not be simply blue.

  B) It includes unnatural light

  C)It is more harmful to young peopleD) It induces people to fall asleep.

  10.A)He has had much trouble falling asleepB)He has had some sort of health problems

  C)He has staved up playing computer games

  D)He has been burdened with excessive work

  11. A) Exposure to blue light is the chief cause of obesity

  B) Sleep may be more important than people assumed.

  C) Sleep may also be negatively affected by natural light.

  D)Overuse of electronic devices may cause heart disease.

  Ouestions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  12. A) What they wanted to be when grown up.

  B) What their favorite cartoon character was

  C)What they learned from computer games

  D) What they liked to do most after school.

  13. A) A stock broker.

  B)A pop singer



  C)A mechanical engineerD) A basketball player.C)Imaginative.

  D) Practical.

  15. A) Relax their strict control of their kids

  B)Help their kids understand themselves

  C) Impose their own dreams on their kids

  D)Dismiss their high expectations of their kids

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three oifour questions. Both the passages and the questions will be spoken only once After you hear a question, youmust choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding

  letter on Answwer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

  Ouestions 16to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16.A) Set up company branches.

  C) Introduce iPhones into its markets.

  D) Promote Internet-ready phones.C) They are more powerful and capableD) They boast the longest battery life.C)A voice-response device.D) A digitally-designed system.

  B) Improve its infrastructure.

  17. A) They cater to Africans' needs.

  B) They are more expensive models.

  18. A) A large touchscreen.

  B) An old-school keypad.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19,A) It ensured sustainable economic growth.

  B)It was strongly opposed by manufacturers

  C) It was cheaper than using fossil fuel plastic

  D) It satisfied consumer demands on the whole.

  20.A) The capacity to mass produce it.

  B) The U.S. federal government's regulations.

  C) A boom in market demand for clear plastic bottles.

  D) A rapid increase in US. petroleum chemical production.

  21.A) Require companies to use 30% of new plastic.

  B) Increase the supply of new plastic in the market

  C) Reduce the amount of plastic pollution in local areas.

  D) Take measures to promote the use ofrecyeled plastic.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22. A) It studies dreams.

  B) It rents a place for nap-takers

  C) It is a hotel for business people.

  D) It is a nap research institute.

  23.A) To find out creative people's work performance.

  B) To see how many people can go without napping

  C) To understand the obvious importance of napping

  D) To feel how difficult it is to get his idea across.

  24. A) They decline due to pointless meetings.

  B) They depend on his ability to concentrate

  C) Thev enable him to enjoy a creative career

  D) They are affected by the overuse of social media.

  25.A) Some bosses associate napping with laziness.

  B)Many office workers nap during work hours.

  C) Some bosses can concentrate without napping

  D) Many of his friends daydream in the office.

  Part mReading Comprehension

  (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are recuired to select one word for eachblank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefull)before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the correspondingletter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of thwords in the bank more than once.

  You probably haven't taken the time to think of all the work that went into creating the shirt onyour back. I mean, how hard it could be to create fabric and 26 it into a shirt shape. Don'tmachines do all that? Well, creating fabric from cotton, which is the most 27 clothing material, isactually a process that involves a lot of water, 2700 liters per shirt to be28.Take a look at thevideo below from National Geographic for some more mind-blowingabout cotton clothing29production.

  Clean water is30becoming one of the most sought-after resources in the world. Given howlarge the  31 and cotton industries are, they take up a lot of our fresh water demands across theworld, according to The Huffington Post The video from National Geographic was created to spread32 of how environmentally harmful cotton is. But the situation can be made better. Throughbetter water management and farming practices. water usage in cotton production can be cut down by3340 percent.

  Called "Better Cotton", this environmentally conscious product will save millions of liters of water34the demands of cotton production. Cotton doesn't have to go, since it is after all, one of the most useful cash crops across the globe. However, as water supplies  35farmers and consumers need to be more conscious of the effect that these products have on theenvironment as a whole.

  A) abstracts


  C) awarenessD) conscience

  E) exactF) increasinglyG)intenseH)mend

  I) nearly

  J reckoning



  M) shrink

  N) statistics

  O) textile

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements atached to it Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which thinformation is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with aletter. Answer the questions by making the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2

  The spoken web

  A) We're growing more used to chatting to our computers, phones and smart speakers through voiceassistants like Amazon's Alexa, Apple's Siri and Microsoft's Cortana. Blind and partially sighted peoplhave been using text-to-speech converters for decades.

  B) Out of these assistants.Siri is the most wel1-known. The assistant uses voice inquiries and natural-language user interface (界 面) to answer questions. The software adapts to users' individual

  language usages,searches, and preferences, with continuing use.

  C) Some think voice could soon take over from typing and clicking as the main way to interact online. But

  what are the challenges of moving to "the spoken web"?

  D) What use is written online content if you can't read? That is the situation facing illiterate (不识字的African farmers. They are often denied crucial information the web offers many others. With a literacyrate in some parts of Africa at only 22.6%, farmers are often "underpaid for their produce because themight be unaware of the prevailing prices," says Francis Dittoh, a researcher behind Mr Meteo,?speech-based weather information service

  E) "The most frequently heard complaint is about rainfall predictions," says Mr Dittoh, who lives in Tamalenorthern Ghana. "They tell us the methods their forefathers used to predict the weather don't seem towork as well these days." This is down to climate change, he believes. Yet knowing when it's going torain is vital for farmers wanting to sow seeds, irrigate crops or take their animals out to the fields to feedon grass.

  F) Mr Dittoh says the idea of converting online weather reports into speechcame from the farmerthemselves, after a workshop in the village of Guabuligah. "They came up with this," he says. Mr Meteotakes the online weather forecast, converts it to a short recording in the appropriate language and makeit available on a basic phone. Farmers ring up to receive the information. The local language Dagbani isspoken by 1.2 million people but is not served by any online translation applications. The service wasdesigned to be cheap and easy to run, says Mr Dittoh. He plans to begin field tests this month, working with Tamale's Savanna Agricultural Research InstituteG) The spoken web could also help the one-in-five adults in Europe and the U.S. with poor reading skillsBut building the spoken web-web-to-voice and voice-to-web-isn't straghtforward. For software tounderstand pizza 1s served at Italian restaurants 1s easy. To cover multiple domains and to be able to haveon every single topic is still a long way off.a conversation with usersH) So although many computer assistants can answer simple questions about the weather and play music forus. anything resembling a wide-ranging human conversation is decades away. Artificial intelligence justisn't smart enough yet. Even turning your voice into text-automatic speech recognition-is one of thehardest problems to solve, as there are as many ways to pronounce things as there are people on theplanet.

  I) Siri has often been praised for its ability to interpret our casual language and deliver very specific andaccurate results, sometimes even providing additional information. But it is still somewhat restricted.particularly when the language moves away from stiffer commands into more human interactions. In oneexample, the phrase "Send a text to Jason, Clint, Sam, and Lee saying we're having dinner at SilveCloud restaurant" was interpreted as sending a message to Jason only, containing the text "Clint Sam andLee saying we're having dinner at Silver Cloud restaurant". It has also been noted that Siri lacks a propeediting function. as saving "Edit message to say: were at Silver Cloud restaurant and vou should comefind us" generates "Clint Sam and Lee saving were having dinner at Silver Cloud restaurant to say we'reat Silver Cloud restaurant and you should come find us"

  ) Using voice interaction feels far more intimate than surfing the net the old-fashioned way This 1intentional as the informal tone of the assistant helps create an emotional attachment. But if somethingspeaks, it must also listen, Our phones are always near us and they are collecting data about us all thetime. This has already raised privacy concerns. The American Civil Liberties Union has stated that digitalassistants create a threat to privacy from hackers. Some people have other concerns. They worryassistants will one day be used to deliver advertising directly to us

  K) But digital voices need more personality to make them popular. Robots are not yet witty, Siri is boringThe benefits of using voice instead of tapping fingers obviously depend on the context. Doctorscompleting online forms about their patients by speech, for example, can dictate 150 words a minute.three times faster than typing on a keyboard. This enables them to spend less time on administration andmore time with patients.

  L) Last year, speech recognition company Nuance helped a doctors' surgery in Dukinfield, near Manchesterset up a speech system for the practice's six doctors. Now they can dictate notes on a patient's healthcondition and treatment and a smart assistant automatically enters the information into the right fields ora web form. Previously, the doctors made voice recordings that were then transcribed by secretaries-aprocess that was costly and likely to cause delays. The new system means letters to patients now havemore detail.

  M) Using voice also makes sense when you're doing other things with your hands. Think about when you'rccooking. and you just want to know what the next step in the recipe is. Your hands are covered with oil:you're not going to get on the iPad, so it's a lot more natural to talk. And speech obviously makes sensewhen vou're driving. In the U.S.. 29% of drivers admit they surf behind the wheel, according to insurancefirm State Farm. This is up from 13% in 2009. No wonder using mobile phones while driving causesmore crashes a year than drink driving, says the US. National Safety Council.

  36. According to Francis Dittoh, their speech-based weather information service was meant to be

  inexpensive and easy to use.

  37. Using voice instead of typing enables doctors to spend more time taking care of patients.38. It is extremely difficult to convert voice into text because of different pronunciations.39. African farmers unable to read often don't have access to important information conveyed online.40. Some phone users worry advertisers will take advantage of voice assistants to send ads directlvy to them

  41. The spoken web is helpful when one's hands are occupied.

  42.Some people believe online interaction would soon depend mainly on voice.

  43.Setting up a spoken web is by no means an easy task.

  44.Weather information is extremely important to farmers

  45. Some people are concerned about privacy because their phones are constantly collecting their personal


  Section CDirections: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinishedstatements. For each of them there are four choices marked A)B)CJand D).You should decide on the beschoice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.Passage One

  Ouestions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.The United States is facing a housing crisis: Affordable housing is inadequate, while luxury homeabound ( 充裕), and homelessness remains a persistent problem. Despite this, popular culture and thehousing industry market happiness as living with both more space and more amenities (便利设施). Bihouses are advertized as a reward for hard work and diligence, turning housing from a basic necessity into .luxury.

  This is reflected in our homes. The average single-family home built in the United States before1970was less than 1,500 square feet in size. By 2016, the average size of a new, single-family home wa2.422 square feet. What's more, homes built in the 2000s were more likely than earlier models to have moreof all tvpes of spaces: bedrooms, bathrooms, living rooms, dining rooms, recreation rooms and garages.There are consequences of living big. As middle-class houses have grown larger, two things havehappened. First, large houses take time to maintain, so cleaners and other low-wage service workers arerequired to keep these houses in order. Second, once-public spaces, where people from diverse backgroundused to come together, have increasingly become privatized, leading to a reduction in the number of publifacilities available to all, and a reduced quality of life for many. Take swimming pools. While in 1950, onl2,500 U.S. families owned pools, by 1999 this number was 4 million. At the same time, public municipalpools were often closed,leaving low-income people nowhere to swim.

  The trend for bigger housing thus poses ethical questions. Should Americans accept a system in whichthe middle and upper classes enjoy a luxurious lifestyle, using the low-wage labor of others? Are we willingto accept a svstem in which an increase in amenities purchased by the afluent means a reduction itamenities for the poor?

  I believe neither is acceptable. We must change the way we think: living well does not need to mearhaving more private spaces; instead, it could mean having more public spaces. A better goal than buildingbigger houses for some is to create more publicly accessible spaces and amenities for all46.What are big houses promoted to be in the United States?

  A) A luxury for the homeless

  B)A reward for industriousness.

  C) An abundant source of comforts

  D)An absolute necessity for happiness

  47.What is one of the consequences of living big?

  A)Many Americans' quality of life has become lower.

  B) People from diverse backgrounds no longer socialize.

  C) People no longer have access to public swimming pools

  D) Many Americans' private life has been negatively affected.

  48.What questions arise from living big?

  A) Ouestions related to moral principles.

  B) Ouestions having to do with labor cost

  C) Ouestions about what lifestyle to promote.

  D) Questions concerning housing development.

  49.What kind of social system does the author think is unacceptable?

  A) One in which the wealthy exploit the low-wage laborers building their housesB) One in which the rich purchase amenities at an increasingly unjustifiable priceC) One in which the upper classes deprive the lower classes of affordable housing

  D) One in which the affluent enjoy a more comfortable life at the expense of the poor

  S0.What does the author advocate for people to live well?

  A) Finding ways to turn private spaces into public ones

  B) Building more houses affordable to those less affluent

  C) More public spaces created for everyone to enjoy

  D) A11 amenities made accessible to the rich and the poor alike

  Passage Two

  Ouestions 51 to SS are based on the following passage.Most of us in the entrepreneurial community are blessed-or cursed-with higher-than-averageambition. Ambitious people strongly desire accomplishments and are willing to take more risks andspend more effort to get them.

  Overall, this is a positive quality, especially for people trying to build their own businessesApparently, if you're more naturally driven to set goals, you are more likely to succeed.

  Actually, this isn't always the case. In fact, in some cases, extreme ambition may end up doingmore harm than good.

  One major side effect of excessive ambition is the tendency to focus too determinedly on oneparticular vision or end goal. This is problematic because it hinders your ability to adapt to newcircumstances, which is vital if you want to be a successful entrepreneur. If a new competitor emerges tcthreaten your business, you may need to change direction, even if that means straying from your originavision. If you have too much ambition, you'll find this hard, if not impossible.

  Few people are successful when they try to build their first brand. Unfortunately, for the most

  ambitious entrepreneurs, a failure is seen as disastrous, and impossible to recover from.It's a clear departure from the intended plan toward the intended goal. For people with limitedambition, however, failure is viewed as something closer to reality. Remember, failure is inevitable, andevery failure you survive is a learning experience

  Ambitious people tend to be more materialistically successful than their non-ambitious counterparts. However, they're only slightly happier than their less-ambitious counterparts, and tend tclive significantly shorter lives. This implies that even though ambitious people are more likely toachieve conventional "success," such success means nothing for their health and happiness-and if youdon't have health and happiness, what else could possibly matter?

  Clearly, some amount of ambition is good for your motivation. ithout any ambition, youwouldn't start your own business. set or achieve goals and get far in life. But an excess of ambition caralso be dangerous,putting you at risk of burnout, stubbornness and even a shorter life.51. What does the author think of most entrepreneurs?

  A)They are more willing to risk their own lives.

  B)They are more ambitious than ordinary people

  C)They achieve greater nonconventional success

  D) They have more positive qualities than most of us.

  52. What does the author imply by saying "this isn't always the case" (Line 1 Para. 3)?

  A) Ambitious people may not have a greater chance of success.

  B) Ambitious people may not have more positive qualities

  C)Entrepreneurs'ambition does as much good as harm.

  D)Entrepreneurs are more naturally driven to success

  53. What does the author say is of extreme importance for one to become a successful entrepreneur?

  A) Holding on to one's original vision.

  B)Being able to adapt to new situations

  C)Focusing determinedly on one particular goal.

  D) Avoiding radical change in one's career direction

  54. How do the most ambitious entrepreneurs regard failure in their endeavor?

  A)It will awaken them to reality

  B)It is a lesson they have to learn

  C)It means the end of their career

  D) It will result in a slow recovery

  55.What does the author advise us to do concerning ambition?

  A)Distinguish between conventional success and our life goal

  B)Follow the example of the most ambitious entrepreneurs

  C)Avoid taking unnecessary risks when starting a business

  D) Prioritize health and happiness over material success.

  Part IVTranslation

  (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. Yo

  should write vour answer on Answer Sheet 2.