领取体验课 领取体验课

当前位置:首页 > 2021年12月英语四级真题和参考答案





  Part IDirections: Suppose your school is organizing an orientation program to help the freshmeradapt to the new environment and academic studies. You are now to write a proposal, whichmay inchude its aim, duration, participants cnd activities. You will have 30 minutes to write theproposal. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words

  Part I

  Listening Comprehension

  (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: ln this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news reportyou will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken onlonce. Afer you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices markedA), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre.

  Ouestions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  l.A) It found a pet dog on board a plane to a city in Texas.

  B) It had one of its cargo planes land at a wrong airport.

  C)It sent two dogs to the wrong destinations.

  D) It had two of its domestic flights mixed up

  2.A) Correct their mistake as soon as possible

  B) Give the two pets a physical checkup.

  C) Hire a charter jet to bring the pets back

  D) Send another plane to continue the flight.

  Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  3A) She weighs 130 kilograms

  B) She has had babies before.

  4. A) It took 22 hours.

  B)It had some complications

  C) She was brought from Africa

  D) She has a big family of six.

  C)It was smooth.

  D) It was monitored by Dr.Sue Tygielski

  Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

  5.A) It enjoyed great popularity.

  B)It started business three years ago

  C)It was frequented by newly-weds

  D)It was built above the sea-water

  6.A) Expand his business on the beach

  B) Replace the restaurant's wooden deck

  C) Post a picture of his restaurant online.

  D) Celebrate his silver wedding anniversary.

  7.A) She sold it for two thousand dollars

  C) She posted its picture on Facebook

  B) She took it to the restaurant managerD) She returned it to its owner right away

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of eactconversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will bespoken only once. Afer you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the fourchoices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet I witha single line through the centre

  Ouestions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  8A)The number of ducks has declined sharply in recent years

  B) Climate change has little effect on the lives of wild ducks

  C) Duck meat is not eaten in Australia. Canada and the US

  D) Duck hunting remains legal in many parts of the world.

  9.A) Droughts

  B) BushfiresC) Farmin g.


  10.A) They are not easy to domesticate.

  B) Their meat is not that popular.

  C) It is not environmentally friendly

  D)It is notconsidered cost-effective

  11.A)They hunted ducks as a traditional sport

  B) They killed wild ducks and geese for food.

  C) They raised ducks and geese for their eggs.

  D) They poisoned wild ducks in large numbers

  Ouestions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.C) Move into a newly-painted houseD) Calculate the cost of the paint job

  12.A) Have her house repainted.

  B) Replace some of her old furniture.

  13A) How long the work will take.B) How much the work will cost

  14.A)Cover up her furniture.

  B) Ask some friends for help.

  C)How the paint job is to be done.D) How many workers are needed

  C) Stay somewhere else.

  D) Oversee the work herself

  15.A) She could have asked a friend for help with the paint job.

  B)Painting a house involves more trouble than she thought

  C) She should have repainted her house much earlier.

  D) Moving her furniture is harder than the paint job

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages At the end ofeach passage, you willhear three or four questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only onceAfier you hear a question,you must choose the best mswer from the four choices marked A), B)C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16.A) To cultivate good habits.C) To review what is learned in classB) To prepare for secondary school.D) To stimulate interest in learning.

  17.A) Discuss their academic achievements with them.

  B) Create an ideal study environment for them.

  C)Allow them to learn independently

  D) Check their homework promptly

  18 A) Finish them before they get tired.

  B) Tackle the most difficult task first

  C) Start with something they enjoy.

  D) Focus on the most important ones

  Ouestions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19A) Workers who meet its body weight standards.

  B) Workers who can lose 30 pounds in a year.

  C)Workers who try the hardest to lose weicht

  D) Workers who are in the top 10% of the slimmest.

  20.A) Impractical.

  B) Inconsistent

  21.A) Offer them much fatter bonuses.

  B)Improve working environment.

  C)UnmanageableD) Unfair.

  C) Encourage healthy behaviorsD) Provide free lunch and snacks

  Ouestions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22 A) It has not done enough to help left-handed children.

  B) It has treated left-handed children as being disabled

  C) It has not built facilities specially for the left-handed

  D) It has ignored campaigns on behalf of the left-handed

  23A) They are as intelligent as other children

  B) They have a distinctive style of handwriting

  C) They sometimes have psychological problems

  D) They tend to have more difficulties in learning

  24.A) Punish teachers discriminating against left-handed students

  B) Lay more emphasis on improving children's mental health

  C)Encourage students to develop various professional skills

  D)Keep track of left-handed children 's school performance.

  25.A) How they can be reduced in number.C) What percentage they account for.B) Why their numbers are so high.D)Iftheir percentage keeps increasing

  Part III

  Reading Comprehension

  (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select oneword for each blank from a list ofchoices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices, Each choice in the bank is identifiedby a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a singleline through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.Ouestions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  Many people believe that passion and commitment are the foundations of strongromantic relationships.But a relationship is made of two 26individuals. And thepersonality Irais (特性) these individuals 27 or lack can often make a relationshinmore- or less- likely to  28 . Recent research has found that one trait in particular-humiliry(谦逊)-s an important indicator of successful relationships.

  Humilitv can sometimes be 29 with a lack of confidence. But researchers havecome to realize that being humble generally indicates the 30 f deeply admirablepersonal qualities.Being humble means you have the ability to accurately  3l yourdeficiencies without denying your skills and strengths. For example, you might recognizethat you are intelligent but realize that you are not a32Thus. humilityleads toan honest view of one's own advantages and shortcomings Humble people do not ignore.avoid, or try to deny their limits or deficiencies. They can 33 mistakes, see value in

  thin gs that are far from perfect and identify areas for improvement.Perhaps it is not34, then, that humility appears to be a huge asset to relationshipsOne study found that people tend to rate this quality  3 in their spouse. The studalso found that someone who is humble is more likely to initiate a romantic relationshipperhaps because they are less likely to see themselves as "too goodfor someone else. Thusa humble partner might be your ideal partner.


  B) assess

  C) confused

  D) endure

  E) extremely

  F) genius

  G) highly

  1) possess

  J) presence


  L) status

  M) surprising


  O) unique

  H) permanent

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. ldentify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Eachparagraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 2.

  There's a stress gap between men and women

  A)“I used to work very hard. I love to create things, grow them and solve problems, “saidMeng Li, a successful app developer in San Francisco. “I didn't really care about mymind and my body until they decided to go on strike.”

  B) Ms. Li said her stress led to sleeplessness. When she did sleep, she experiencedproblem-solving dreams”which left her feeling unrested when she woke up."After lbecame a first-time mother, I quickly realized I was so busy caring for other people andwork that I felt like I'd lost myself” she said.

  C) It's a common story- one we frequently ridicule and readily dismiss, for example.by claiming that women tend to complain more than men, despite the growing sumof research that underlines the problem. Women are twice as likely to suffer fromsevere stress and anxiety as men, according to a 2016 study published in The Journalof Brain & Behavior.The American Psychological Association reports a gender gapyear after year showing that women consistently report higher stress levels. Clearlya stress gap exists.

  D) “The difference is not really news to me, as a clinical psychologist,” said Erin Joycea women and couples therapist in Los Angeles."It's been well documented in extensiveresearch over the years that prevalence rates for the majority of the anxiety disorders arehigher in women than men.”Some people may argue that this is merely reported dataand they say many men feel the same pressures as women in terms of fulfillingresponsibilities at work and home. In other words, we're all really, really stressed.

  E)“The difference, however, is in the nature and scope of these responsibilities in thehome environment in particular” Dr. Joyce said For example, the United Nationsreported that women do nearly three times as much unpaid domestic work as men. Theproblem is, housework is often overlooked as work, even though it is often as laborious(or in some cases, more so) as any paid job. As the scholar Silvia Federici put it in 1975.the unpaid nature of domestic work reinforces the assumption that "housework is notwork, thus preventing women from struggling against it.

  F) It's not just inside the home, though. Research from Nova Southeastern Universityfound that female managers were more likely than male managers to display “surfaceacting” or forcing emotions that are not wholly felt.“They expressed optimism.calmness and sympathy even when these were not the emotions that they were actuallyfeeling” the study said.

  G) Surface acting is a prime example of “emotional labor,”a concept that the writer JessZimmerman made familiar in a 2015 essay. The essay sparked a massive thread on the intemnet community blog MetaFilter. Hundreds of women spoke up about their ownexperience with emotional labor: the duties that are expected of them, but go unnoticedThese invisible duties become apparent only when you don't do them. Like domesticlabor, emotional labor is generally dismissed and not labeled work. But research showsit can be just as exhausting as paid work. Emotional labor can lead to difficulty insleeping and family conflict. Sure, circumstantial stress, like losing a job, may lead tothese same issues. But emotional labor is not circumstantial. It's an enduringresponsibility based on the socialized gender role of women.

  H) Like Ms. Li, many women try to manage the added stress to reach what Dr. Joyce saidwas an unattainable ideal “Some professional women aim to do it all They want toreach the top of the corporate ladder and fly like supermom, she said. When womendon't reach this ideal, they feel guilty; and even more stressed. After her own strugglewith this, Ms. Li took a step back and used her experience to build Sanity & Self, aself-care app and platform for overworked women."The realizations I had in thatprocess helped me gain insights and ultimately got me ready to integrate self- care intomy daily life“ she said.

  I) The stress problem extends beyond mental health when you consider the link betweenstress, anxiety and heart health. Worse, most of what we know about heart diseasecomes from studies involving men. However, “there are many reasons to think thatit's different in women,”Harvard Medical School reported For example, women aremore likely to experience disturbed sleep, anxiety and unusual fatigue before a heartattack. Stress is so normalized that it is easy for women to shrug off those symptoms assimply the consequences of stress. Many women also do not experience chest painbefore a heart attack the way men do, which leads to fewer women discoveringproblematic heart issues.Harvard reports that women are "much more likely than mento die within a year of having a heart attack” and “many women say their physicianssometimes don t even recognize the symptoms.

  J) The good news is women are more likely than men to take charge of their stress andmanage it, the American Psychological Association reports. The concept of self-care.at its core, is quite simple.“The basics of adequate sleep, healthy diet and exercise area good place to start,”Dr. Joyce said. “Support from trusted relationships is. vital.This includes professional support from various health and wellness providers if stres.is becoming increasingly overwhelming.

  K) Disconnecting from work and home responsibilities is also obviously importantBut it's much easier said than done It is important to understand what causes yourstress in the first place."Get really specific with what's stressing you out” Ms. Li said“We often chalk up our stress to broad experiences like work. But work stress can takemany different forms. Is a colleague being disrespectful of your time? Is a bossundermining your day-to-day control over decision making? These are different causesof stress and can benefit from different kin ds of self-care ”

  L) Ideally, your spouse or partner will be supportive, rather than dismissive, of your stress. It is important to talk through these issues before they come to a head.“Womenworking outside of the home should make an effort to have a conscious conversationwith their partners about more equitable sharing of household and familyresponsibilities”Dr. Joyce said.

  36. Some career women who aim high tend to feel guilty if they fail to achieve their goals

  37.The unpaid housework done by women is triple that done by men.

  38. It is reported that women consistently suffer more from severe stress than men

  39. Women are advised to identify the specific causes of their stress so that steps can be

  taken to deal with it.

  40. One study showed that women managers often expressed positive emotions that theydidn't really feel.

  4l.Women tend to mistake signs of heart attacks for symptoms of stress

  42. For a time an app developer in America was so busy attending to work and family thatshe suffered from sleeplessness.

  43.The emotional labor women do is noticed only when it is not done.

  44. Dr Joyce suggests that apart from self-care, women should seek professional support ifthey experience severe stress

  45. Some people believe that there may not exist a stress gap between men and women.

  Section C

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questionsor unfinished statements. For cach ofthem there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Ouestions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

  As many office workers adapt to remote work cities may undergo fundamental changeifoffices remain under-utilized Who will benefit if working from home becomes the norm?Employers argue they make considerable savings on real estate when workers shiftfrom office to home work. However, these savings result from passing costs on to workers.Unless employees are fully compensated, this could become a variant of parasitic(寄生的) capitalism,whereby corporate profits increasingly rely on extracting value fromthe public-and now personal--realm, rather than on generating new value.

  Though employers are backed by a chorus of remote work advocates, others note theloneliness reduced productivity and inefficiencies of exten ded remote work.

  If working from home becomes permanent, employees will have to dedicate part oltheir private space to work. This requires purchasing desks, chairs and office equipment.

  It also means having private space dedicated to work: the space must be heated. cleaned, maintained and paid for. That depends on many things, but for purposes ofillustration, I have run some estimates for Montreal. The exercise is simple butimportant, since it brings these costs out of the realm of speculation into the realm ofmeaningful discussion

  Rough calculations show that the savings made by employers when their staff worksfrom home are of similar value to the compensation workers should receive for setting upoffices at home.

  What does this mean for offices in cities? One of two things may happen: Employerspass these costs onto employees. This would be a form of expropriation (侵占).with employees absorbing production costs that have traditionally been paid by theemployer. This represents a considerable transfer of value from employees to employersWhen employees are properly compensated, employers’real estate savings willbe modest. lf savings are modest, then the many advantages of working in offices--suchas lively atmosphere, rapidity of communication, team-building and acclimatizatior(适应境)of new employees-will encourage employers to shelve the idea of remotework and, like Yahoo in 2013, encourage employees to work most of the time fromcorporate office space.

  46 What does the author say about working from home?

  A) It will become the norm sooner or later.

  B)It requires employees to adapt promptly

  C) It benefits employers at the expense of employees.D)It will force cities to transform their infrastructure

  47.Why do some people oppose working from home?

  A) It discourages team spirit.

  B)It invades employees'privacy.

  C) It undermines traditional values.

  D)It negatively impacts productivity

  48Why did the author run the estimates for Montreal?

  A)To provide convincing data for serious discussion.

  B) To illustrate the ongoing change in working patterns

  C) To show the impact of remote working on productivity

  D) To exemplify how remote working affects the economy

  49. What can we conclude from the author's calculations?

  A) There is no point in transferring office work to working from home.

  B) Employees can benefit as much fromm remote working as their employers.

  C) Employers'gain from remote working should go to employees as compensation.D) Effective measures should be taken to motivate employees to set up offices at home

  50.What is the author 's opinion on working from home?

  A)It should be avoided if possible

  B) It is only a temporary measure.

  C) It can reduce companies'real estate costs.

  D) It may affect employees’ corporate loyalty.

  Passage Two

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

  The human thirst for knowledge is the driving force behind our successfuldevelopment as a species. But curiosity can also be dangerous, leading to setbacks or evendownfalls. Given curiosity's complexity, scientists have found it hard to define.

  While pinning down a definition has proven tricky, the general consensus is it's somemeans of imformation gathering. Psychologists also agree curiosity is inrinsically (内在地)motivated.

  Curiosity covers such a large set of behaviors that there probably isn't any single"curiosity gene”that makes humans wonder about and explore their environment. That saidcuriosity does have a genetic component. Genes and the environment interact in manycomplex ways to shape individuals and guide their behavior,including their curiosity

  Regardless of their genetic makeup, infants have to learn an incredible amount ofinformation in a short time, and curiosity is one of the tools humans have found toaccomplish that gigantic task.

  Hundreds of studies show that infants prefer novelty. It's what motivates non-humananimals, human infants and probably human adults to explore and seek out new thingsbefore growing less interested in them after continued exposure.

  But curiosity often comes with a cost

  In some situations, the stakes are low and failure is a healthy part of growth. Forinstance, many babies are perfectly proficient crawlers, but they decide to try walkingbecause there's more to see and do when they stand upright. But this milestone comes at asmall cost A study of 12- to 19-month-olds learning how to walk documented that thesechildren fell down a lot Seventeen times per hour, to be exact. But walking is faster thancrawling, so this motivates expert crawlers to transition to walking.

  Sometimes, however, testing out a new idea can lead to disaster. For instance, the lnuitpeople of the Arctic regions have created incredible modes to deal with the challenges otliving in northern climates, but what we forget about are the tens of thousands of peoplethat tried and failed to make it in those challenging landscapes.

  51.What does the author say about curiosity?A) It is too complex for non-scientists to understandB)It is the force that pushes human society forwardC) It is a unique trait specific to the human race.D)It is often the major cause for human failures

  52 What is the general understanding of curiosity?

  A) It motivates people to seek information .

  B) It is destined to transform human genes.

  C) It does people more good than harm.

  D) It underlies all human behaviors.

  53.What do we learn about how genes shape people's behavior?

  A) They determine people's way of thinking.

  B) They account for age differences in learning.

  C) They enable people to undertake massive tasks

  D)They work in conjunction with the environment

  54.What do numerous studies show about infants?

  A)They are far more curious than adults.

  B) They prefer to go after all that is novel

  C)They have different interests than adults

  D)They shownon-human animal behaviors

  55.What does the example of the Inuit people of the Arctic regions illustrate?

  A)The cost ofhumans’curiosity to explore

  B)The incredible harshness of cold weather

  C) The innovative ideas stemming from curiosity

  D)The importance oflearning from past failures

  Part IV


  (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.