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2021年12月英语六级真题和参考答案

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  说客英语为广大考生带来了2021年12月的英语六级真题及参考答案,通过这份真题及参考答案,同学们可以更加深入地了解考试题型,从而更有针对性地制定复习计划,现在和说客英语一起了解一下吧。

说客英语

2021年12月的英语六级真题及参考答案

  Part I

  Writing

  (30 minutes)

  (请于正式开考后半小时内完成该部分.之后将进行听力考试)Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay related to theshort passage given below. In your essay, you are to comment on thephenomenon described in the passage and suggest measures to addressthe issue. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200words.

  Nowadays star chasing is prevalent among many teenagers. They takepop stars as their idols, imitating their way of talking. following theirstyle of dressing. and seeking every chance to meet them in person atgreat expenses.

  Part N

  Listening Comprehension

  (30 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear fwo long conversations. At the end of eachconversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversalion and the questionswill be spoken only once. Afer you hear a question, you musts choose the best answerfrom the four choices marked A). B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letteron Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Ouestions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard

  1.A)It has given rise to much controversy

  B) It has been very favorably received.

  C)It was primarily written for vegetarians

  D) It offends many environmentalists.

  2A) She neglects people's efforts in animal protectionB) She tries to force people to accept her radical ideas

  C) She ignores the various benefits of public transportD) She insists vegetarians are harming the environment.

  3.A)They are significant.

  B) They are revolutionary.

  C) They are rational

  D) They are modest.

  4A)It would help to protect the environment

  B)It would generate money for public health

  C)lt would need support from the general publicD)lt would force poor people to change their diet

  Ouestions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  5.A) Where successful people's strengths come from.

  B) Why many pcople fight so hard for success.

  C) How she achieved her life's goal.

  D)What makes people successful

  6.AHaving someone who has confidence in them

  B)Having someone who is ready to help them.

  C)Having a firm belief in their own ability.

  D) Having a realistic attitude towards life

  7AThey adjust their goals accordingly

  B) They try hard to appear optimistic.

  C) They stay positive.

  D) They remain calm.

  8.A)An understanding leadership.

  B)A nurturing environment.

  C)Mutual respect among colleagues.

  D)Highly cooperative teammates.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages At the end of each passageyou will hear four questions Both the passage and the questions will be spoken onlonce. Afier you hear a question, you musts choose the best answer from the foulchoices marked A). B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  9.A)They use their sense of hearing to capture their preyB) Their food mainly consists of small animals and fish.C) They have big eyes and distinctive visual centers.

  D) Their ancestor is different from that of micro bats

  10.A) With the help of moonlightB) By means of echo location.

  C) With the aid of daylight vision

  D) By means of vision and smell.

  11.A) To make up for their natural absence of vision.

  B) To adapt themselves to a particular lifestyle

  C) To facilitate thcir travel over long distances

  D) To survive in the ever-changing weather.

  Ouestions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  12.A) They acquire knowledge not found in books

  B) They learn how to interact with their peers.

  C) They become more emotionally aggressive

  D) They get much better prepared for school

  13.A) They are far from emotionally prepared

  B) They tend to be more attracted by images.

  C) They can't follow the conflicts in the show

  D) They lack the cognitive and memory skills

  14.A) Choose appropriate programs for their childrenB)Help their children understand the program's plot.

  C) Outline the program's plot for their children first.

  D) Monitor their children's watching of TV programs.

  15.A)Explain its message to their children

  B) Check if their children have enjoyed it.

  C) Encourage their children to retell the story.

  D)Ask their children to describe its characters

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followedby three or four questions The recordings will be played only once. After you hear aquestion, you musts choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B). Cand D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre.

  Ouestions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  16.A) They are afraid ofinjuring their feet

  B) They have never developed the habit.

  C) They believe a little dirt harms no one.

  D) They find it rather troublesome to do so.

  17.A) Different types of bacteria existed on public-toilet floors.

  B) There were more bacteria on sidewalks than in the home.

  C)Office carpets collected more bacteria than elsewhere.

  D)A large number of bacteria collected on a single shoe.

  18.A) The chemicals on shoes can deteriorate air qualityB) Shoes can upset family members with their noise.

  C) The marks left by shoes are hard to erase.

  D) Shoes can leave scratches on the floor.

  Ouestions 19 to 21 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  19.A)It is sinfuland immoral

  B)It is deemed uncivilized.

  C)It is an uncontrollable behavior.

  D) It is a violation of faith and trust

  20.A)Assess their consequences

  B) Guard against their harm.

  C)Accept them as normal.

  D) Find out their causes.

  21.A)Try to understand what messages they convey.

  B) Pay attention to their possible consequences.

  C) Consider them from different perspectives.

  D) Make sure they are brought under control.

  Ouestions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.

  22.A) Cultivation of new varieties of crops

  B) Measurcs to cope with climate changc.

  C)Development of more effective pesticides

  D)Application of more nitrogen-rich fertilizers

  23:A)The expansion of farmland in developing countries

  B) The research on crop rotation in developing countries.

  C) The cooperation of the world's agricultural scientists

  D) The improvement of agricultural infrastructure

  24.A) For encouraging farmers to embrace new farming techniques

  B)For aligning their research with advances in farming technology

  C) For turning their focus to the needs of farmers in poorer countries

  D) For cooperating closely with policymakers in developing countries

  25.A)Rapid transition to become a food exporter.

  B)Substantial funding in agricultural research

  C)Ouick rise to become a leading grain producer

  D)Assumption ofhumanitarian responsibilities.

  Part I Reading Comprehension

  (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required toselect one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank followingthe passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Eachchoice in the bank is identified by a letter: Please mark the corresponding letter foreach item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not useany of the words in the bank more than once.

  According to psychologist Sharon Draper, our clothing choices can absolutelyaffect our wellbeing. When we. wear ill-fitting clothes, or feel over- or under-dressedfor an event. it's natural to feel self-conscious or even stressed. Conversely. she sayvs.opting for clothes that fit well and26with your sense of style can improveyour confidence.

  But can you improve your health through your 27clothing.without havingto dash out and buy a whole new 28 ?“Absolutely," says Draper. If your goal isto improve your thinking, she recommends picking clothes that fit well and areunlikely to encourage restlessness, so, avoid bows, ties and unnecessary 29Ialso helps to opt for clothes you  30 as tying in with your goals, so, if you wantto perform better at work, select pieces you view as professional. Draper says this fitsin with the concept of behavioral activation, whereby 31 in a behavior (in this case, selecting clothes) can set you on the path to then achieving your goals (workingharder).of mind is to mix things up.Draper saysAnother way to improve vourwe often feel stuck in a rut (常规) if we wear the same clothes - even if theyre ourfavorites - thus oping for an item you don’t wear often, or adding something differentto an outfit.such as a hat,canshit your moodOn days when you're really3334  to brave the world, Draper suggests selecting sentimental items of clothing.such as ones you wore on a special day, or given to you by a loved one, as clotheswith35 associations can help you tap into constructive emotions.A)accessories

  B)align

  C) concurrently

  D)current

  E)engaging

  F) fond

  G)frame

  H) locations

  I) perceive

  J) positivelyK) profile

  L)prosperingM)rcluctantN) showcaseO) wardrobc

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with len statementsattached to it Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphsIdentifv the paragraph from which the informalion is derived. You may choose aparagraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter: Answer thequestions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  Why facts don't change our minds

  [A]The economist JK. Galbraith once wrote.“Faced with a choice between changingone's mind and proving there is no need to do so. almost everyone gets busy with theproof2BILeo Tolstov was even bolder. “The most difficult subjects can be explained to themost slow-witted man if he has not formed anvy idea of them already: but the simplestthing cannot be made clear to the most intelligent man if he is firmly persuaded thathe knows already, without a shadow of doubt what is laid before him.C] What's going on here? Why don't facts change our minds? And why wouldsomeone continue to believe a false or inaccurate idea anyway? How do suchbehaviors serve us? Humans need a reasonably accurate view of the world in order tosurvive. If your model of reality is wildly different from the actual world. then voustruggle to take effective actions each day. However, truth and accuracy are not theonly things that matter to the human mind. Humans also seem to have a deep desire tobelong.

  D] In Atomic HabitsI wrote“Humans are herd animals. We want to fit in, to bondwith others, and to carn the respect and approval of our peers. Such inclinations arcessential to our survival For most of our evolutionary history, our ancestors lived intribes. Becoming separated from the tribe--or worse, being cast out- was a deathsentence.

  EJUnderstanding the truth of a situation is important, but so is remaining part of atribe. While these two desires oflen work well together, they occasionally come intoconflictIn many circumstances. social connection is actually more helpful to youldaily life than understanding the truth of a particular fact or idea. The Harvardpsychologist Steven Pinker put it this way,“ People are embraced or condemnedaccording to their beliefs. so one function of the mind may be to hold beliefs thatbring the belief-holder the greatest number of allies, protectors, or disciples (信徒).rather than beliefs that are most likely to be true.

  FIWe don't always believe things because they are correct. Sometimes we believethings because they make us look good to the people we care about. I thought Kevin Simler put it well when he wrote.“f a brain anticipates that it will be rewarded foradopting a particular belief, it's perfectly happy to do so, and doesn't much carewhere the reward comes from一whether its pragmatic(实用主义的)better outcomesresulting from better decisions), social (better treatment from ones peers), or somemix of the two.

  GTFalsc beliefs can be uscful in a social sense even if they are not useful in a factualsense. For lack of a better phrase, we might call this approach “factually false, butsocially accurate”When we have to choose between the two, people often selectfriends and family over facts This insight not only explains why we might hold ourtongue at a dinner party or look the other way when our parents say somethingoffensive, but also reveals a better way to change the minds of others.HConvincing someone to change their mind is really the process of convincing themto change their tribe. If they abandon their beliefs, they run the risk of losing socialties. You can't expect someone to change their mind if you take away theircommunity too. You have to give them somewhere to go. Nobody wants theirworldview torn apart ifloneliness is the outcome.

  IThe way to change people's minds is to become friends with them, to integratethem into your tribe, to bring them into your circle. Now, they can change their beliefswithout the risk of being abandoned socially.JPerhaps it is not difference, but distance, that breeds tribalism and hostility. Asproximity increases, so does understanding. I am reminded of Abraham Lincoln'squote.“I don't like that man. I must get to know him better.K]Facts don't change our minds. Friendship does. Years ago, Ben Casnochamentioned an idea to e that I haven't been able to shake: The people who are mostlikely to change our minds are the ones we agree with on 98 percent of topics. Ifsomeone you know, like, and trust believes a radical idea, you are more likely to giveit merit, weight,or consideration. You already agree with them in most areas of lifeMaybe you should change your mind on this one too. But if someone wildly differentthan you proposes the same radical idea, well, it's easy to dismiss them as nuts.L]One way to visualize this distinction is by mapping belies on a spectrum. If youdivide this spectrum into 10 units and you find yourself at Position 7, then there islittle sense in trying to convince someone at Position 1. The gap is too wide. Whenyou're at Position 7, your time is better spent connecting with people who are atPositions 6 and 8 gradually pulling them in your direction.M The most heated arguments often occur between people on opposite ends of thespectrum, but the most frequent learning occurs from people who are nearby. Thecloser you are to someone, the more likely it becomes that the one or two beliefs youdon't share will bleed over into your own mind and shape your thinking. The furtheraway an idea is from your current position, the more likely you are to reject it outrightWhen it comes to changing people's minds, it is very difficult to jump from one sideto another. You cant jump down the spectrum. You have to slide down it.NJAny idea that is sufficiently different from your current worldview will feelthreatening And the best place to ponder a threatening idea is in a non-threateningenvironment. As a result, books are often a better vehicle, for transforming beliefs than conversations or debates. In conversation, people have to carefully consider theiistatus and appearance. They want to save face and avoid looking stupid. Whenconfronted with an uncomfortable set of facts. the tendency is often to double downon their current position rather than publicly admit to being wrong. Books resolve thistension. With a book, the conversation takes place inside someone’s head and withoutthe risk of being judged by others. It’ s easier to be open-minded when you aren’tfeeling defensive.

  O] There is another reason bad ideas continue to live on, which is that peoplecontinue to talk about them. Silence is death for any idea. An idea that is never spokenor written down dies with the person who conceived it. Ideas can only be rcmemberedwhen they are repeated. They can only be believed when they are repeated, I havealready pointed out that people repeat ideas to signal they are part of the same socialgroup. But here's a crucial point most people miss: People also repeat bad ideas whenthey complain about them Before you can criticize an idea, you have to reference thatidea. You end up repeating the ideas you're hoping people will forget-but, of course.people can't forget them because you keep talking about them. The more you repeat abad idea the more likely people are to believe it.

  PI Let's call this phenomenon Clear's Law of Recurrence: The number of peoplewho believe an idea is directly proportional to the number of times it has beenrepeated during the last year-even ifthe idea is false.

  36. According to the author, humans can hardly survive if separated from their

  communitv.37. People often accept false beliefs because they prioritize social bonds rather thanfacts.

  38.Most often people learn from those close to them.

  39.Sometimes people adopt certain beliefs in order to leave a favorable impression on

  those dear to them.

  40. Compared with face-to-face communication, books often provide a better medium

  for changing people's beliefs

  41 On many occasions in daily life, people benefit more from their social bonds thanfrom knowing the truth.

  42. If you want to change somebody's beliefs, you should first establish socialconnection with them.

  43Humans cannot survive without a fair knowledge of the actual world44.Repetition of bad ideas increases their chances of being accepted.45.Nobody is willing to give up their beliefs at the risk of getting isolatedSection C

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by somequestions or unfinished statements For each ofthem there are four choices marked A)B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the correspondingletter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Ouestions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

  The subject of automation and its role in our economy has taken hold inAmerican public discourse. Technology broadly and automation specifically aredramatically reshaping the way we work. And we need to have a plan for what's stillto come.

  We don't have to look furtherthan our own communitics to see the devastatingimpact of automation.From automatedwarehouses to cashlerless grocery stores toneighborhood libraries that offer self-checkout lanes instead of emploving realpeople-automation is increasingly replacing jobs and leaving too few good newjobs behind.

  The statistics in manufacturing are staggcring. Despite the widespread fearsabout trade, a recent report showed that just 13 percent of jobs lost in manufacturingare due to tradethe rest of the losses have been due to advances in technology.That is why more people are criticizing the ever-increasing role of technologyin our economy. Our country is manufacturing more than ever before, but we aredoing it with fewer workers. However it's not just factories that are secinglosses-software and information technology are also having a dramatic impact onjobs most people think are secure from the forces of a rapidly-changing economySomething transforative is happening in America that is having an adverse effecion American families.Whether policymakers and politicians admit it or not workershave made clear their feelings. about their economic insecurity and desire to kecpgood jobs in America.

  So why are people so insistent on ignoring the perils of automation? They arefailing to look ahead at a time when planning for the future is more important thancver. Resisting automation is futile: it is as inevitable as industrialization was beforeit. I sinccrcly hope that those who assert that automation will make us more cffectivcand pave the way for new occupations are right, but the reality of automation'sdetrimental effects on workers makes me skeptical. No one can currently say wherethe new jobs are coming from or when, and any sensible company or country shouldprepare for all alternatives.

  I'm not overstating the danger: look at what's happened to the labor force.According to economic research, one in six working-age men, 25-54, doesn't have ajob. Fifty ycars ago, nearly 100 percent of men that age were working. Women's laborforce participation, meanwhile, has slipped back to the level it was at in the late1980s.

  American families and prominent business leaders are aware that there's a bigproblem with automation. The value of a college degree is diminishing. and oulupward mobility is declining. If we want an economy that allows evervone to beeconomically secure, we need to start thinking about how we can rightfully address automation.

  46What can we observe from the author's description of our communities?

  A)The growing passion for automation.

  B) The shift from manual jobs to IT ones.

  C) Thcir changing vicws on employment

  D)Their fading employment opportunities

  47What do we learn from a recent report?

  A) The manufacturing sector is declining at a fast rate.

  B) The concerns about the effect of trade are exaggerated.

  C) The fears about trade have been spreading far and wide

  D)The impact of trade on employment has been staggering

  48.What does the passage tell us about American workers in an era of transformation?

  A)They feel ignored by politicians.

  B) They feel increasingly vulnerable

  C) They keep adapting to the changes.

  D)They keep complaining but to no avail

  49.What does the author think of automation?

  A)It will have the same impact as industrialization

  B)It provides sensible companies with alternatives

  C)Its alleged positive effects are doubtful.

  D)Its detrimental effects are unavoidable

  50.What should we attach importance to when dealing with automation?

  A)College graduatesjob prospects.

  B)Women's access to employment.

  C)People's economic security.

  D)Pcople's social mobility

  Passage Two

  uestions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

  Look at the people around you. Some are passive, others more aggressive. Somework best alone, others crave companionship. We casily recognize that there is greatvariation among the individuals who live near us. Yet. when we speak of people fromelsewhere. we seem to inevitably characterize them based on their country of origin.Statistics specialists, when they speak of national averages, often make the same

  mistake.

  Newly published research shows how erroneous such overviews are. Threeresearchers analyzed decades of values-based surveys and found that only between16% and 21% of the variation in cultural values could be explained by differences between countries. In other words. the vast majority of what makes us culturally

  distinct from one another has nothing to do with our homeland.To determine what factors really are associated with culture, the authorscombined data from 558 prior surveys that cach measured one more of Hofstede'scultural dimensions. These are traits, such as individualism and masculinity, thatdescribe work-related cultural values.(They are not a measure of visible cultural traitssuch as food or dress.) Though the validity of Hofstede's dimensions has beenquestioned, they have the singular benefit of having been in use for decades, which

  allows for historical and international comparisons.The rescarchers found that both demographic factors. such as agc, andenvironmental factors, such as long-term unemployment rates. were more correlatedwith cultural values than nationality. Occupation and social economic status were themost strongly correlated, suggesting that our values are more economically driven

  than we usually give them credit for.The evidence implies that people with similar jobs and incomes are moreculturally alike, regardless of where they live. Vas Taras, the lead author of the studyputs it this way:“Tell me how much you make and I will make a pretty accurateprediction about your cultural values. Tell me what your nationality is and I probablywill make a wrong prediction.”

  Taras savs our erroneous belief that countries are cultures has caused businessesto teach their emplovees useless or even harmful ways of interacting with theirinternational peers. Chinese and American lawyers might be trained to interact basedon the assumption that the Chinese person is less individualistic, even though theirsimilar social economic situations make it probable they are actually quite alike in

  that regard.The country, as the unit of authority, is often a convenient way of generalizingabout a population. However, our focus on countries can mask broad variations withinthem. In the majority of cases we would be better off identifying people by the factorsthat constrain their lives. like income, rather than by the lines surrounding them on amap.

  5l.What error do experts often make when describing people from other places!

  AThev tend to overly rely on nationality.

  B) They often exaggerate their differences

  C) They often misunderstand their cultures

  D) They end to dwell on national averages

  52.What do we learn about Hofstede's cultural dimensions?A)They are useful in comparing cultural values across time and spaceB)They have brought unusual benefits to people of different cultures.C)They are widely used to identify people's individual traitsD)They provide valuable questions for researchers to study.

  53.What did researchers find about previous studies on factors determining people's value?

  A) Environmental factors were prioritized over other factorsB)An individual's financial status was often underestimatedC)Too much emphasis had been placed on one's occupation.D)The impact of social progress on one's values was ignored

  54.What is the impact on employees when cultures are identified with countries?

  A)They may fail to see the cultural biases of their business partners.

  B)They may fail to attach sufficient importance to cultural diversity.

  C)Thcy may not be taught how to properly interact with overseas partners.

  D) They may not be able to learn the legal procedures for business transactions.

  55.What does the author suggest at the end of the passage?A)There is sufficient reason to generalize about a country's populationB) The majority of people are still constrained by their national identity.C)It is arguable that the country should be regarded as the unit of authority.D)Nationality is less useful than socio-economic status as an indicator of one's values

  Part IV

  Translation

  (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into EnglishYou should write vour answer on Answer Sheet 2中国共产党第一次全国代表大会会址位于上海兴业路76号,是一栋典型的上海式住宅,建于1920年秋。1921年7月23日,中国共产党第一次全国代表大会在此召开,大会通过了中国共产党的第一个纲领和第一个决议,选举产生了中央领导机构,宣告了中国共产党的诞生。1952年9月,中共一大会址修复,建立纪念馆并对外开放。纪念馆除了介绍参加一大的代表之外,还介绍党的历史发展进程,现已成为了解党史、缅怀革命先烈的爱国主义教育基地。

  除了2021年12月的英语六级真题及参考答案外,说客英语还可以为考生们提供了专业的英语口语培训课程,帮助同学们提高英语口语水平,适合不同英语阶段的学生,快来访问说客英语官网吧!